Poseidon was an important god. As the god of the sea, Poseidon was worshipped by the people who lived and worked both on the water and along the coast. For example, he took by force both Caeneus and Medusa, who was afterward transformed into a beast by Athena as a punishment for allowing this. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. A hot-blooded deity, Poseidon had many disputes with both gods and men, most famously with Athena and Odysseus. Poseidon, God of the Sea is a pro-monster divinity of the Monster Girl Encyclopedia world. He appears as an ally in God of War and a major antagonist in God of War III. Ecosystem. According to Pausanias, Poseidon was one of the caretakers of the Oracle at … He was swallowed by his father, but was later saved. See Also: Nereus, Amphitrite, Odysseus, Laomedon. Poseidon is the son of Cronus and Rhea. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Poseidon is the Greek god of the sea, storms, earthquakes, droughts, floods and horses. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Poseidon, RT Russiapedia - Biography of Konstantin Stanislavsky, Poseidon - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Poseidon - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). He is the Greek God of the seas and an Olympian, being the brother of Zeus and Hades. Many were assigned his parentage to emphasize their rough and brutal nature--such as the opponents of Heracles. The list of Poseidon’s human sons is, as is typical in Greek mythology, expansive. Poseidon functioned as an antagonist of other gods usually not through direct malevolence but rather as a result of egotism and uncontrollable fits of anger; Additionally he is the main antagonist in the epic poems of The Iliad and The Odyssey. Poseidon came into conflict with a variety of figures in land disputes. He held sway over the seas and waters, and is particularly known for causing tempests. These three gods divided up creation. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). To trick Demeter who turned into a mare to reject his advances, the god transformed himself into a stallion. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Poseidon was brother to Zeus and Hades. Poseidon (Earthshaker, Dark-haired one, Neptune) Poseidon was an Olympian god of sea and earthquakes.In some cases, he is also referred to as a tamer of horses. 1 History 1.1 Mythological origin 1.2 Holy War 1.3 War of Attica 1.4 XIII Century Holy War 1.5 Lost Canvas 1.6 Before Poseidon Saga 1.7 During the Poseidon Saga 1.7.1 In the Manga 1.7.2 In … Boeotus and Hellen by Antiope, daughter of Aeolus. Poseidon’s offspring were myriad. As a result, Poseidon – even against the advice of Zeus – fought on the Greek side during the Trojan war, sending a sea monster named Cetus to torment the Trojans. Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? 2017-2019: POSEIDON team's participation in the BigDataOcean ICT Project Deployment of the EMSO Hellenic Arc Deep Water cabled seabed Observatory at 1540 meters depth, in SE Ionian Sea, 20Km off Pylos coast - May 2018 However, when the time came, Laomedon refused to pay them. As the god of the sea Poseidon may be the strongest of all the gods. Notable among these was a contest for sovereignty over Attica, which he lost to the goddess Athena. Cecrops, the first king of Athens, decided that Athena’s gift was more useful since it gave fruit, wood, and oil. The name Poseidon means either “husband of the earth” or “lord of the earth.” Traditionally, he was a son of Cronus (the youngest of the 12 Titans) and of Cronus’s sister and consort Rhea, a fertility goddess. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. He was the father of Pelias and Neleus by Tyro, the daughter of Salmoneus, and thus became the divine ancestor of the royal families of Thessaly and Messenia. Poseidon was first adapted for the DC Universe by Gardner Fox and Sheldon Moldoff and debuted in Flash Comics #9 (1940). Birth of Poseidon Poseidon was the son of Cronus and Rhea, the king and queen of the Titans. Poseidon’s name is very old, and its meaning is lost to us. Poseidon had children with other partners as well. Poseidon Facts and Figures. His Roman counterpart is Neptune. Poseidon is nowadays known exclusively as a sea god, but in ancient times, he may have been the god of the earth and fertility or even the supreme god of the sky. Poseidon: GreekMythology.com - Jan 20, 2021, Greek Mythology iOS Volume Purchase Program VPP for Education App. Poseidon is a rogue CIA operative who pursues his own agenda. The list goes on and includes hundreds of consorts and at least as many children. After the battle the three siblings; Zeus, Poseidon and Hades, drew lots to see who would rule each of Kronos' three kingdom's. The god of the Mediterranean sea. Poseidon is depicted on this piece of Greek pottery from the 5th century BCE, now in the Cabinet des Medailles, Paris. In fact, in portrayals, he looks very much like Zeus, a distinguished, bearded man with a dense curly hair and piercing eyes. Despite losing, Poseidon was also worshipped there, particularly at Colonus (as hippios, “of horses”). This page provides an expansive overview of the children of Zeus. Perhaps the most celebrated representation of Poseidon is the 2 metre-high bronze statue (c. 460 BCE) from Cape Artemisium (although such is the similarity in the depiction of Poseidon and Zeus in ancient Greek art, it may well … However, Poseidon sent Delphinus to win her. Since Poseidon had multiple powers, the Ancient Greeks invented various epithets to describe his manifestations and pray to him. Poseidon is the god of the sea in Greek mythology. Poseidon was the Olympian god of the sea, earthquakes, floods, drought and horses. Poseidon had a turbulent love life and fathered many children, including a number of monsters and sea creatures. Poseidon reigns as the sea king. Oftentimes, he is depicted riding a four-horse chariot and wielding a trident over the waves. The chief festival in Poseidon’s honour was the Isthmia, the scene of famous athletic contests (including horse races), celebrated in alternate years near the Isthmus of Corinth. Updates? His character as a sea god eventually became his most prominent in art, and he was represented with the attributes of the trident, the dolphin, and the tuna. First, Poseidon supported the Trojans in the Trojan war and Odysseus was a member of the Greek forces that defeated the Trojans. Poseidon had 6 siblings: Hades, Demeter, Hestia, Hera, Zeus and Chiron (half brother). Cycnus by Calyce, daughter of Hecato. Poseidon sent the bull, but Minos liked it too much to sacrifice it. Poseidon (/ p ə ˈ s aɪ d ən , p ɒ -, p oʊ -/ ; Greek: Ποσειδῶν , pronounced [poseːdɔ́ːn]) was one of the Twelve Olympians in ancient Greek religion and myth , god of the sea, storms, earthquakes and horses. While Zeus was the father of many daimones, or minor gods and goddesses, Poseidon was more well-known as the father of many children who were neither divine nor human. Amphitrite and Poseidon in a chariot drawn by Tritons, detail of a frieze from an altar in the Temple of Neptune, Rome, 40. Poseidon's symbols were the Trident, the Fish, the Dolphin, the Horse and the Bull. In charge of: the Ocean Area of expertise: Sea, Seas, Ocean, Oceans. In Roman mythology, he was known as Neptune. 01 Poseidon is the Greek god of the sea. One of his cult titles, Enosichthon, means "earth shaker", referring to his role in causing earthquakes. Afterward, Demeter gave birth to the nymph Despoena and the talking horse Arion. Poseidon had a very violent character, Impulsive and hot-blooded, he couldn’t put up with Zeus’ arrogant behavior as a ruler. Once, he even wanted to obtain Athens from Athena, claiming that the city would have much more benefit from him than her. Poseidon was the Lord of the Sea. Ephoceus by Alcyone, daughter o… Honey-tongued Delphinus did the job in flying colors. He was one of the more popular Greek gods, along with his brothers Hades and Zeus. He was one of the 12 Olympians who made up the council of the gods. Michael refused to do so and Poseidon ended up having Sara imprisoned for Christina Scofield's death Poseidon was the god of the sea who was worshipped by Atlanteans. Poseidon’s children were not all infamously horrible, though. From fruits to winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology. Poseidon is the Greek god of the seas, originally an ally in God of War, after being infected by the evils in Pandora’s Box became a major antagonist from God of War III. Hyrieus by Alcyone, daughter of Atlas. The trident is his most recognizable emblem, though his son, Triton, carries one as well. Like Zeus, Poseidon's love life was characterized by many extramarital affairs. god of the sea and protector of all aquatic animals and features Poseidon was a major civic god of several cities: in Athens, he was second only to Athena in importance; while in Corinth and many cities of Magna Graecia he was the chief god of the polis. Omissions? The Sky, the seas, and the Underworld. Poseidon is also the patron of seafaring. Poseidon was the Greek god of the sea. He was widely worshiped by those who traveled through the rough ocean waters and become known as the lord of the sea. Poseidon (Ποσειδων) is the Greek god of the sea, earthquakes, droughts, floods, water, aquatic creatures, marine weather and horses. One of the Twelve Olympians, he was also feared as the provoker of earthquakes and worshipped as the creator of the horse. He is a merman, with the upper body of a human and fish tails and fins. Cronos, fearful of a son who would overthrow him as he vanquished his own father Ouranos, swallowed each of his children as they were born. Poseidon had a prominent place in several Greek cities, including Athens where he was second in prestige only to Athena. Many of his sons became rulers in other parts of the ancient Greek world. He was known for his fast changing temperament and being easily offended. Poseidon had 14 children: Theseus, Triton, Polyphemus, Orion, Belus, Agenor, Neleus, Atlas, Rhode, Benthesikyme, Arion, Chrysaor, Pegasus and Nauplius. Poseidon sent Michael to Ogygia to break out Abu Ramal. One of the major deities (gods) in Greek mythology, Poseidon was the supreme ruler of the seas. He is considered patron of the waters, earthquakes, horses, and navigation, and his counterpart in Roman mythology is Neptune, from whose name we get the name of the eighth planet. 03 Poseidon’s most famous brothers are Hades and Zeus. Poseidon is the greek olympian God of earthquakes and the sea. They started a war called the Titanomachy which lasted ten years. Poseidon is faster. Poseidon and Amphitrite, a nymph and ancient sea-goddess and daughter of Oceanus, had many children includin… With his wife, he has a daughter, Ursula, who is named after the sea goddess of the same name.His wife and daughter, both renowned for their singing voices, give him much happiness. Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 157 (trans. Poseidon's Cabin (#3) is the cabin that houses the demigod offspring of Poseidon. Zeus, Hades, Hestia, Demeter and Hera are family, but they are good acquaintances. He is the brother of Zeus, Hades, Demeter, Hera, and Hestia. Amphitrite, a Nereid, was Poseidon’s faithful wife throughout. As god of horses, Poseidon often adopted the shape of a steed. 1 Description 1.1 Graphic Novels 1.2 Film 2 Known occupants 3 Abilities 4 Legacy Powers 5 Magic Items 6 Film 6.1 The Lightning Thief 7 Gallery 8 Trivia Poseidon's cabin is low, long and solid, with all the windows facing the sea. There is a statue of Poseidon in Copenhagen Port, and another in Barcelona. An awesome, unruly, and powerful god, Poseidon was associated with storms, earthquakes, and some other violent forces of nature. He is distinguished from Pontus, the personification of the sea and the oldest Greek divinity of the waters. Poseidon plays a role in the 1981 movie, Clash of the Titans, due to be remade for a 2010 release. When Zeus was born he tricked Kronos into vomiting up his siblings and Poseidon and his other four trapped siblings were freed from their father's stomach. With their new weapons and help from enemies of Cronus, they were able to defeat and imprison the titans. <>During the War of the Titanes, the Kyklopes (Cyclopes) crafted a magical trident for Poseidon, and together with his brothers Zeus and Haides he defeated the elder gods and imprisoned them in Tartaros. Agenor and Belus by Libya, daughter of Epaphus. Because the people of the Greek world lived along the Mediterranean coast, this meant he was one of the most central gods in their pantheon. The name Poseidon means either “husband of the earth” or “lord of the earth.” Progenitor of many, with several consorts, Poseidon also was married to the Oceanid Amphitrite, with whom he also had multiple offspring, including the sea creature Triton. The day of Zeus' return eventuall… As the god of horses, Poseidon is thought likely to have been introduced to Greece by the earliest Hellenes, who also introduced the first horses to the country about the 2nd century bce. According to Pausanias, Poseidon was one of the caretakers of the Oracle at Delphi before Olympian Apollo took it … With his brothers he fought bravely against the Titans. Poseidon was the son of the titan Cronos and brother to the Olympian gods Zeus and Hades. Poseidon and his brothers became rulers of creation after there father was overthrown. With his wife, the sea nymph Amphitrite, he had three offspring. God of the sea and rivers, creator of storms and floods, and the bringer of earthquakes and destruction, Poseidon was perhaps the most disruptive of all the ancient Greek gods, not only for mortals but also to Zeus peaceful reign on Olympus. During the Gigantomachy, the god used the trident to break off a piece of the island Kos, under which he subsequently entombed the Giant Polybotes. Him particularly important there pregnant Monster, Medusa gave birth to poseidon olive tree, Hera,,... 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