0. For the first quarter of 2011, there were 52 registered homicides in the state, most linked to organized crime. [10][22] Commercially productive forest stands at about 108,225 hectares with about sixty percent of the trees salable. Climate data and weather averages in Colima. Colima (koh-LEE-mah) is a state in western Mexico. The north has a cooler climate due to the higher mountains. [21][47] In 1527, Francisco Cortés de San Buenaventura moved the Spanish settlement to its current located and changing the name to San Sebastián de Colima. The Archive of the History of the State is located at Jardín Juárez in the city of Colima. Mexico's most active volcano, it erupted explosively in 1991 and 2005. The Colima Volcano, 3825 m (12,549 ft), has a pyramidal peak, in contrast to the other, which has been leveled somewhat. There is no local television station with programming coming from Mexico City and through cable. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colima&oldid=997358498, States and territories established in 1857, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 03:42. Tecomán is located in what has been an agricultural valley since the colonial era, today best known for its production of limes. The state was home to a number of pre-Hispanic cultures as part of Western Mexico. Colima produces about half of Mexico's lime crop, and is second in the production of coconut meat and tuna . Mining is next in importance, with production of iron, mostly from the Peña Colorada, the largest deposit in the country. Its status as a state was reaffirmed by the 1857 Mexican Constitution and General Manuel Alvarez was declared its first constitutional governor. The state covers a territory of 5,455 km2 and is the fourth smallest federal entity after Tlaxcala, Morelos and the Federal District of Mexico City, containing only 0.3% of the country's total territory. [37][38] [11] These urban populations are concentrated in the municipalities of Colima, Manzanillo, Tecomán and Villa de Alvarez. Much of the institution's current size and offering is due to growth in the 1980s, and during that time its reputation in Mexico and abroad increased. Most of the state's recent economic development has been related to this port. It shares its name with its capital and main city, Colima. [53], This article is about the Mexican state. The Colima family name was found in the USA between 1880 and 1920. [35], The state has 307 preschools, 510 primary schools, 131 middle schools and 57 high school and vocational level schools. [21], During the Mexican Revolution, there were no major battles but there were local clashes. "[35][36], Most of the other attractions of the state are related to its history, and most of these are in and around the capital city of Colima. Create a Trip. Founded near the coast in 1523 by an envoy of conquistador Hernan Cortes, Colima was later moved to its present location. These include commercially important trees such as red cedar, caobilla (Couratara guianensis), parota (Enterolobium cyclocarpum)—and trees locally known as primavera, rosa morada, habillo, payolo, pelillo, barsino, and salatón. This and earlier losses of territory would define the area's modern borders. Manzanillo (Spanish pronunciation: [mansaˈnijo]) is a city and seat of Manzanillo Municipality, in the Mexican state of Colima.The city, located on the Pacific Ocean, contains Mexico's busiest port that is responsible for handling Pacific cargo for the Mexico City area. The Plan Colima was conceived and executed to improve the general infrastructure of the state during the 1980s by then Mexican president Miguel de la Madrid. Manzanillo is the most popular in the state, and a major tourism destination for Mexico's Pacific coast. What does volcan de colima mean? [47] The first incursion into the Colima area occurred under Juan Rodríguez de Villafuerte in 1522 but was defeated by the natives of the Tecomán Valley. A mix of the charming, modern, and tried and true. Colima, capital of Colima state, west-central Mexico. El acto de hermanamiento de la ciudad de Colima con San Cristóbal de La Laguna se celebra el próximo 2 de mayo. Colin definition, any of several American quails, especially the bobwhite. In 1821, Colima lost the Zapotlán areas along with the towns of Tecalitlán and Xilotlán, but gained the town of Tonila. The telegraph arrived to the state in 1869 to connect the capital and the port of Manzanillo. [25] In the state, 96% have running water, 82% have sewerage and 98% have electricity. Find your family's origin in the United States, average life expectancy, most common occupation, and more. The upper floor contains murals with scenes depicting Mexico City and portraits of people from Mexico's history. Similarly, the telephone service was added in 1883. [33], About two thirds of the state's GDP is from commerce and services which include transportation and storage, mostly linked with the Manzanillo port. Bird species include wild turkeys, although these have mostly disappeared, and a bird called the chachalaca. However, this growth has slowed due to family planning programs. Essential Colima. Find the meaning, history and popularity of given names from around the world. Colima History. [21][47] In 1811, royalist troops defeated the insurgents under José Calixto Martinez at the Battle of Los Llanos de Santa Juana. The town is marked by an abstract sculpture depicting a lime tree created by sculptor Sebastián, which measures thirty meters in height and weighs 110 tons. Origin of state name: From the Náhuatl (Amerindian) word collimaitl. Economic growth associated with the port continues to grow by double digits. There are also about 3,000 hectares dedicated to fish farming. Simply start with a family member and we'll do the searching for you. On the Tuesday after Epiphany is the "Entrance of the Señor de la Expiración" in Rancho de Villa. One exception is the Tecomán municipality where the climate is dry and very hot. [23], There are eight AM radio stations operating in the state and five FM stations. The mildest climates are in the municipalities of Comala and Cuauhtémoc. It extends from the Boca de Apiza to the Cerro de San Francisco in front of Barra de Navidad, Jalisco. A popular one from that time is the Adoration of the Three Wise Men, though it has evolved to meet modern tastes. For this reason, it has developed infrastructure with hotels, restaurants, golf courses, and other attractions. Telephone service covers the entire state but rural areas still use analog. 20.4% in commerce, restaurants and hotels, 15.9% in transportation, storage and communications, 11.1% in finance, insurance and real estate, 9.5% in electricity, gas and water services, 5.7% in manufacturing, 5.1% in construction, 4.9% in agriculture and livestock and 3.8% in mining. In 1813, the city was in royalist hands with the city swearing allegiance to the monarchist constitution. These pirates would include Francis Drake and Thomas Cavendish. Colima, Mexico. The second consists of mountain chains parallel to the coast between the Marabasco and Armería Rivers, which include El Espinazo del Diablo, El Escorpión, El Tigre, El Aguacate, El Centinela, El Tora and La Vaca. [21], In 1824, with Mexico's first constitution, Colima was an independent territory of Mexico, However, it was integrated with Michoacán later in 1837. [21], Much of the history of the latter 20th century into the present revolves around economic development. [29], The state has a high level of socioeconomic development, with one of the highest standards of living in Mexico and lowest unemployment. The most Colima families were found in the USA in 1880. In the 1940s, the Tecomán Valley began to be intensively cultivated, creating a new source income for the state, with limes as the principle crop, and leading to the development of agro-industry. Another popular dance is called apaches. [21], Federal intervention from Mexico City continued into the 1920s, with a number of laws to reform schools, hospitals and other institutions, which before had been mostly operated by the Catholic Church. kō-lē'mä. [22] According to INEGI (2010), 24.1% are employed in services. As you may see, the words Colliman and Coli'motl had the same origin and its meaning is explained bellow. [11][20] By 1980, the majority of the state's population was living in urban centers. The average life expectancy for Colima in 1972 was 75, and 59 in 1995. This was 100% of all the recorded Colima's in the USA. How unique is the name Colima? To the west Colima borders the Pacific Ocean. In addition to being the main lime producer, the Tecoman Valley also produces cocoa, cotton, coconuts, mangos, papaya, avocados and melons. Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. The Nevado de Colima is taller at 4,271 m (14,013 ft) and gives its name to the national park that surrounds it. Ixtlahuacán is noted for its production of hammocks. It was a cattle ranch from the 19th century, and has been restored. It is bounded by the states of Jalisco to the northwest and north and Michoacán to the east and by the Pacific Ocean to the south and west. A number of ducks and other migratory birds pass through. Most livestock production is in the north of the state due to climate, and also includes pigs, goats and sheep. noun 1. a state of SW Mexico, on the Pacific coast: mainly a coastal plain, rising to the foothills of the Sierra Madre, with important mineral resources. French troops entered the city in 1864, dissolving the state congress, with Colima becoming a department in 1865. Destinations. In 1796, Colima was converted into a sub delegation of the province of Guadalajara. Some estimations state that the population declines from 150,000 in 1523 to 15,000 in 1554, rebounding somewhat in the 17th century. [21] Hernán Cortés then sent Gonzalo de Sandoval to defeat the Tecos, which he did at the Paso de Alima and the Palenque de Tecomán. However, a chief named Colimotl or Colliman defeated the P’urhépechas during the Salitre War (Guerra del Salitre). [37], Colima has a number of important local festivals and other annual events. The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the name Colima is Saturday, November 5th, 1870. Click. Within census records, you can often find information like name of household members, ages, birthplaces, residences, and occupations. In 1880 there were 3 Colima families living in California. [37] Candlemas in Suchitlán is the most important annual event in the region, celebrated with dances such as Los Gallitos, Los Apaches and Los Morenos. [23], Much of the state's tourism centers on its beaches in Manzanillo, and in the municipalities of Armería and Tecomán. It was originally made part of the diocese of Valladolid (Morelia). [13] The last major eruptions of the Colima Volcano occurred in 1998 and 1999. Colima (Spaingie pronunciation: ), offeecially Free an Sovereign State o Colima (Spaingie: Estado Libre y Soberano de Colima), is ane o the 31 states which, wi the Federal Destrict, mak up the 32 Federal Entities o Mexico. The word Xoloitzcuintle(pronounced show-low-eats-queen´-tlee) is derived from the name of the Aztec Go rest. Manzanillo, Mexico. [41], The most important transportation hub in the state is the port of Manzanillo, handling 91.3% of the shipping of the state and the immediate region. The main highway out of the state connects the city of Colima and Guadalajara. [23] Just under 95% of Colima's commercial enterprises are retail outlets with 5.6% involved in wholesale. Images of Huehueteotl and Tlaloc appear with this culture, which may indicate the origins of the cultures that ultimately settled central Mexico. In 1821 the Plan of Iguala for Mexican independence was proclaimed in the city, and accepted by local authorities. The main distribution center is the city of Colima handing both basic commodities and industrial and other commercial merchandise for the rest of the state. Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). Only three percent of these enterprises are modern facilities with twenty-one traditional markets, forty-five major tianguis and numerous corner stores still dominating the state. [26] However, it is not as well known or as well visited as other Pacific destinations such as Puerto Vallarta, despite long sandy beaches and docks for cruise ships. In the latter part of the 20th century, Colima had a very high population growth, expanding from 112,321 in 1950 to 567,996 in 2005. [23] The Manzanillo port has a dock for cruise ships, and an average of 58 ships visit per year. You can see how Colima families moved over time by selecting different census years. *We display top occupations by gender to maintain their historical accuracy during times when men and women often performed different jobs. Get ideas for baby names or discover your own name's history. [21], From the early colonial period, Colima was a province that answered to Mexico City. During this time the elements that characterize the pre-Hispanic peoples of Colima appear, including shaft tombs and a distinctive ceramic style called rojo bruñido, or burnished red. Colima is a small state, sharing a border with the Mexican states of Jalisco to the north and east, and Michoacán to the south. [33] Villa de Álvarez produces decorative objects in fine wood. Colima meaning. A volcano, 4,340 m high, of west-central Mexico. In 1861, the Revillagigedo Islands were added to Colima’s territory. [31], Agriculture, forestry and fishing employ 1.2% of the state's population and contribute 8.45% to its GDP. Colímotl was the name of the last King or Great Lord that ruled these fair lands. A distinctive feature of the site are stones with glyphs that are found on stairways. [52], The Instituto Tecnológico de Colima was founded in 1976 with three majors in engineering and business with the aim of providing an alternative education focusing on preparing students for industry and service markets. [38] 3 May is the Day of the Holy Cross, important in Suchitlán, and celebrated with the morenos dance. It dates from the early 20th century and was home to the Escuela de Artes Aplicadas. It is part of a pairing with the Nevado de Colima, the female volcano friend. [21], With the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence, authorities arrested the head of Indian communities along with suspected insurgents in October 1810. In 1818, a strong earthquake sent many from nearby San Francisco to the area, and it was renamed San Francisco de Almoloyan. On this date the image returns to this village from Coquimatlán. [10][15], Coastal lagoons include the Potrero Grande in Manzanillo along with the Miramar and the San Pedrito. Colima, estado (state), west-central Mexico. The next phase, called Comala and centered on a site of the same name, was from around 100 to 600 CE. Cosima, the kind of elegant and exotic name the British upper classes love to use for their daughters, will almost certainly come into wider use here after being chosen by two high-profile celebs in the same month — cool couple Sofia Coppola and Thomas Mars as well as supermodel Claudia Schiffer. Comala, Mexico. The Comala site shows influence from Teotihuacan. 70,249 visited during that period. Here’s the good thing. In 1919, President Venustiano Carranza created the Sociedad Cooperativa de Salineros in the city of Colima with the exclusive rights to extract salt from Cuyutlán Lake. Most of the general university education is provided by the University of Colima (over 93%) with the rest attending the Universidad Autónoma del Pacífico. It is the largest producing municipality for the business sector and tourism in the state of Colima. [12], The state is in an offshoot of the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range and geographically consists of four mountain systems. One period of the area's development is called the Los Ortices era, which began around 500 BCE. [39][40] Other noted artists from the state include Gabriel Portillo, Mercedes Zamora, Jorge Chávez Carrillo, Pancha Magaña and Juan Soriano. Over 95% of the state's population is Catholic with small communities of other Christian groups making up the rest. It was recognized as a town in 1860, with the name of Villa de Álvarez in honor of the first governor of the state. The main providers of post graduate education are the University of Colima and ITESM-Colima. Discover the unique achievements of ancestors in your family tree, This page needs Javascript enabled in order to work properly. Over 91% of the population over the age of 15 is literate. The capital remains the state's economic, political and cultural center.[21][22][23]. The last decades have seen a new wave of industrial construction with the building of facilities for businesses such as Cementos Apasco, Citrojugo, Brun Foods, Embotelladora de Tecomán, Consorcio Minero Benito Juárez-Peña Colorada, Grupo Agroindustrial de Occidente, AMTEX and others. Another important movement was the creation of workers’ unions and cooperatives such as the Unión de Estibadores in Manzanillo. The state has fourteen newspapers mostly in the city of Colima and Manzanillo,[23] including: Correo de Manzanillo, Diario de Colima, and Ecos de la Costa. Colima's territory includes the Revillagigedo Islands—Socorro, San Benedicto, Clarión, and Roca Partida. Since 1962, all the buildings in the town have been painted white and most have red tile roofs, giving it the nickname of "White Village of America. After this, the Tecos conquered Sayula, Zapotlán and Amunla, making them the dominant cultural group in this part of the state. Later the port would be a target for pirates as the Manila galleons would unload materials from the Spanish East Indies here. Railroad service between the two cities began in 1889 and a city tram was added to the capital in 1892. There are 14 military records available for the last name Colima. [44], The state has 1,424.5 km of roadway with 686.9 km paved with asphalt and the rest stone or dirt road. The main craft in the city of Colima is the reproduction of archeological pieces, especially ceramics of the old red-burnished (rojo-bruñido) style. Colímotl was the name of the last King or Great Lord that ruled these fair lands. It extends over 386 hectares with runways that cover 16,200m2. [26] The port area is not fully developed, with over 130 hectares reserved for expansion. Most crafts and dances of the state are of indigenous origin although some originated after the Conquest. He is best known for illustrating Christmas cards for UNICEF in the 1960s, but he did much other work and designed furniture in a style now called Rangeliano. Start planning for Colima. Among the state's rodents is the Xenomis nelson, a small rare animal little known outside Colima. Villa de Alvarez, Mexico. You respect nature and the grandeur of the universe. [10][11] The state is in the middle of Mexico's Pacific coast, bordered by the Pacific Ocean and the states of Jalisco and Michoacán. The abundance of this fish along with marlin has made it a popular destination with sports fishermen and the city holds the annual Dorsey International fishing tournament. [21] Colima became a diocese independent of Guadalajara in 1881. Colin definition is - the bobwhite or any of several related New World game birds. The last major battle against pirates at Manzanillo was in 1615 with Captain Sebastián Vizcaino defending the port against Dutch pirate Joris van Speilbergen. In 1940, Laborer was the top reported job for people in the US named Colima. Comala people perfected burnished red pottery and created representations of people and animals with skill and fluid lines. These originated in the colonial period, along with moros y cristianos and matachines. It has one terminal. The Mesón de Caxitlán on the Colima Tecomán highway is the ruins of an old in on the former royal road from the 18th century. [42], The two main airports are the Playa de Oro International Airport in Manzanillo and the Lic. The Palacio Federal is near Jardín Núñez in the city of Colima and dates from the beginning of the 20th century. Dances with indigenous roots include sonajera india and morenos. This is mostly due to more intensive ocean activities, but fish production from rivers and lakes has also grown, at about twelve percent. Classified under: Nouns denoting spatial position. Fish farming mostly concerns raising shrimp along lakes and lagoons, such as Cuyutlán, Chupadero, and Potrero Grande, with an annual production of about 5,000 tons. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Colima census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more. The city of Los Martínez began at the end of the 18th century, established by someone known only by his last name of Martínez. Use census records and voter lists to see where families with the Colima surname lived. [19] Despite this population growth, the state still ranks last of Mexico's federal entities, with a total of 650,555 according to the 2010 census, only 0.6% of the country's total. Half of this is from production of electricity, gas, and water services. In addition to bullfights and charreadas, mojigangas are featured. The second most important connects Manzanillo with Guadalajara. For the veterans among your Colima ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions. When was the first name Colima first recorded in the United States? Literacy programs for adults are handled by INEA and CONAFE. Just under 90% of those who start middle school finish. Colima City - Colima (Spanish pronunciation: [koˈlima]) is a city that is the capital of the Colima state and the seat of Colima municipality, located in central−western Mexico. Insurgents took back the city in 1812 under the command of Ignacio Sandoval and Miguel Gallaga. [32], Handcrafts in the state are mostly produced for local needs rather than the tourist market. [21], Textile production that began in the 19th century ended by the mid 20th century, though farmers continued to grow cotton to ship to Guadalajara. These forests are mostly rainforest, with some areas of holm oak. The south is hotter and includes the Pacific Ocean coastline. As of 2005, some 2,880 people were counted with the ability to speak an indigenous language. Santiago in the municipality of Manzanillo is noted for crafts made of seashell and snail shells. The main aspect of the plan was the construction of highways such as the highway that connects Manzanillo to Guadalajara and then onto Tampico. This interpretation would then be "place where the waters bend."[48]. It is located in the north central part of the state, just south of the foothills of the Colima Volcano in the Valley of Colima. Fishing is concentrated on the coastline in ocean waters of about 641 km2 as well as in 8,350 hectares of lagoons and 2,032 inland bodies of waters. [25][26] The city is one of Mexico's important Pacific ports, handing regional merchandise and acting as an overflow port for other ports from Mexico to Los Angeles. It is a complex of pyramid platforms with stairs, a Mesoamerican ballcourt and a number of plazas. By the end of the 16th century, it lost the Motines region, now part of Michoacán and in the 19th century the Xilotlán region to Jalisco. Some histians agree that the word Colima comes from Colliman, the name by which was known the old kingdom that dominated this coastal region. [47] Archeological evidence dates human occupation of the area as far back as 1500 BCE, with sites here contemporary with San Lorenzo on the Gulf Coast and Tlatilco in the Valley of Mexico. Since then it has added majors in biotechnology, computer science, mechatronics and architecture, offering six undergraduate degrees and one master's degree. The state's first port at Tzalahua would be an important site for about 300 years of Spanish colonial rule as a line of defense and a commercial center. The first Colima newspaper called "El Observador de las Leyes" was published at this time as well. [26] For Holy Week 2011, one of Mexico's busiest vacation times, the state gained 175 million pesos and had a hotel occupancy of 94%, 7% higher than the previous year. Lumber harvesting has decreased in the state owing to conservation measures.[10]. [47][49] Both the Periquillo and Chanal sites were occupied when the Spanish arrived in the 16th century. 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