[28], The Sindh kingdom and its rulers play an important role in the Indian epic story of the Mahabharata. The Hindus who attend the Sri Param Hansji Maharaj Samadhi were still in the process of rebuilding the site after the first attack, in 1997, after the Supreme Court finally issued a rebuilding order in 2015. [117], In 2019, a bill against forced conversion was proposed by Hindu politicians in the Sindh assembly, but was turned down by the ruling Pakistan Peoples Party lawmakers. Business Standard has always strived hard to provide up-to-date information and commentary on developments that are of interest to you and have wider political and economic implications for the country and the world. Residents of the neighbourhood … Dr Ramesh Kumar Vankwani is a high-profile leader of the Hindus of Pakistan and is a member of the National Assembly on a seat reserved for the minorities. In other districts the population of Hindus is less than 1%. A historic Hindu temple was attacked and set on fire by a mob in northwestern Pakistan. That over 1 million people lost their lives in the bloody violence of 1947 should attest to the fear and hate that filled the hearts of millions of Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs who left ancestral homes hastily after independence. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif also mentioned that the marriage registrars will be established in areas where Hindus stay. Social media users have widely shared photos and videos of a mob of Muslim radicals attacking a Hindu temple in northwest Pakistan that also contains a … Hindus form the biggest minority community in Pakistan. According to him about 200 to 250 Hindu villages were converted in the last two and a half years between 2014 and 2016.[113]. Nanakpanthi are Hindus who revere Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism along with Hindu gods. [63][64] They are considered as a separate ethnic religion people by the government of Pakistan. Our subscription model has seen an encouraging response from many of you, who have subscribed to our online content. Religious institutions and persons like Abdul Haq (Mitthu Mian) politician and caretaker of Bharachundi Sharif Dargah in Ghotki district and Pir Ayub Jan Sirhindi, the caretaker of Dargah pir sarhandi in Umerkot District support forced conversions and are known to have support and protection of ruling political parties of Sindh. [26], The Rig Veda, the oldest Hindu text, is believed to have been composed in the Punjab region of modern-day Pakistan (and India) on the banks of the Indus River around 1500 BCE. [20] In the 1951 census, West Pakistan (now Pakistan) had 1.3% Hindu population, while East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) had 22.05%. According to the Sono Kangharani, member of Pakistan Dalit Network, the Korean missionaries have been active in the area from 2011 and these missionaries don't focus on individuals but they convert entire villages. The tribal chiefs in Balochistan, particularly the Jams of Lasbela and Bugti of Dera Bugti, consider non-Muslims like Hindus as members of their own extended family and allows religious freedom. Due to the low population of Hindus in the Central Punjab, many of the Hindus have married Sikhs and vice versa. [60], Some Tamil Hindu families migrated to Pakistan in the early 20th century, when Karachi was developed during the British Raj, and were later joined by Sri Lankan Tamils who arrived during the Sri Lankan Civil War. The separate electorate system had marginalized non-Muslims by depriving them of adequate representation in the assemblies. [6] The 1998 census of Pakistan recorded 2,443,614 Hindus, which (includes 332,343 scheduled caste Hindus), which constitutes to 1.85 percentage of the total population of Pakistan. The Bill was effectively blocked by the Islamist groups and parties like the Council of Islamic Ideology and Jamaat-e-Islami. Prejudice against Hindus is ingrained. Pakistan in 2017 conducted its first census since 1998. Pakistan's minority Hindu community has rejected India’s offer to grant them citizenship under a new law. Hindus have often been regarded as a minority in Pakistan. [82] The Sindh Hindu Marriage Bill was amended in 2018 to include divorce rights, remarriage rights and financial security of the wife and children after divorce. After the partition, Hindus have been converting to Islam under pressure, particularly in Doda village near Sargodha. [95], The Goraknath Temple which was closed in the 1947 was reopened in 2011 after a court ruling which ordered the Evacuee Trust Property Board to open it. The product is a monthly auto renewal product. Business Standard is happy to inform you of the launch of "Business Standard Premium Services". [118], There are also Irish Christian missionaries and Ahmadiyya missionaries operating in the Thar region. [78] Rich Pakistani Hindus go to India and release their loved ones' remains into the Ganges. The MMA leads the opposition in the national assembly, held a majority in the NWFP Provincial Assembly, and was part of the ruling coalition in Balochistan. The region became predominantly Muslim during the rule of Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire. New Delhi: A video has emerged which shows a large group of people vandalising a Hindu temple in Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. [47], ISKCON also has a presence in Pakistan. A violent religious mob has set fire to a Hindu temple in Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region and attempted to tear it to the ground. Even during these difficult times arising out of Covid-19, we continue to remain committed to keeping you informed and updated with credible news, authoritative views and incisive commentary on topical issues of relevance. Pakistan arrests 14 after mob led by Islamist clerics sets century-old Hindu temple on fire. Pakistan’s Hindu community also staged protests in the aftermath of the demolishment of the temple which was over 100 years old. The Pakistan Hindu Panchayat, Pakistan Hindu Council and the Pakistani Hindu Welfare Association are the primary civic organizations that represent and organise Hindu communities on social, economic, religious and political issues in most of the country, with the exception of the Shiv Temple Society of Hazara, which especially represents community interests in the Hazara region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, in addition to being the special guardians of the Shiva temple, at Chitti Gatti village, near Mansehra. Some Tamil Hindu families migrated to Pakistan in the early 20th century, when Karachi was developed during the British Raj, and were later joined by Sri Lankan Tamils who arrived during the Sri Lankan Civil War. [59] In the Sindh provincial assembly election which took place along with the Pakistan National Assembly election 2018, Hari Ram Kishori Lal and Giyan Chand Essrani were elected from the Sindh provincial assembly seats. A mob led by members of Pakistan's radical Islamist party demolished a Hindu temple Wednesday after setting it on fire in a deeply conservative northwestern town, a senior police official said. [123] In May 2014, a member of the ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), Dr Ramesh Kumar Vankwani, revealed in the National Assembly of Pakistan that around 5,000 Hindus are migrating from Pakistan to India every year. [67][68], There is a small population of Punjabi Hindus living in the Punjab province of Pakistan, most notably in Lahore where there are some 200 Hindu families. The Madrasi Para area is home to around 100 Tamil Hindu families. This diversity, especially in rural Sindh, often thwarts classical definitions between Hinduism, Sikhism and Islam. Assuming that the proportion of Hindus in Pakistan’s total population remained the same, the number of Hindus in Pakistan, according to its latest census, would be around 3.3 million. Note: Subscription will be auto renewed, you may cancel any time in the future without any questions asked. Exclusive content, features, opinions and comment – hand-picked by our editors, just for you. However, according to … In Pakistan's Public Schools, Jihad Still Part of Lesson Plan – The Muslim nation's public school texts still promote hatred and jihad, reformers say. ", "Hindus being denied access to temple, SC questions authorities", "Pak SC seeks report on denial of access to Hindu temple", The subtle Subversion: A report on Curricula and Textbooks in Pakistan. "We have come here to celebrate this festival with colourful rangolis. The case brought to fore another example of deplorable conditions of minorities in the state of Pakistan. Hindus and other minorities achieved a rare political victory in 2002 with the removal of separate electorates for Muslims and non-Muslims. Some ancient Hindu temples in Pakistan draw devotees from across faiths including Muslims. There are fears the clause would be misused for forced conversions of married women the same way young girls are being subjected to forced conversions. This practice is being reported increasingly in the districts of Tharparkar, Umerkot and Mirpur Khas in Sindh. Those who cannot afford the trip go to Churrio Jabal Durga Mata temple in Nagarparkar. This act against the Hindu minority community has been widely condemned by human rights activists based in Pakistan and other parts of the world. [16][17][18][19], After Pakistan gained independence from the British Raj, 4.7 million of West Pakistan's Hindus and Sikhs moved to India as refugees.[20]. However, there is the lack of upkeep of the dilapidated Hindu temples in the city. 385 talking about this. Besides officers, the Pakistan Army also has Hindu soldiers. [108], In January 2020, a Hindu temple in Chachro, Tharparkar district in Sindh was vandalised by miscreants, who desecrated the idols and set fire to holy scriptures. [125] The Indian government is planning to issue Aadhaar cards and PAN cards to Pakistani Hindu refugees, and simplifying the process by which they can acquire Indian citizenship. Pakistan is overwhelmingly Muslim - the Hindu community makes up less than 2% of the population. [29][30], At the time of Pakistan's creation the 'two nation theory' had been espoused. [12][36] Get a daily email with all the news updates on them. However, according to the community, over 90 lakh Hindus are living in the country. The incident took place on Sunday in Sheetal Das compound, housing 300 Hindu and 30 Muslim families. According to official estimates, 75 lakh Hindus live in Pakistan. In 1956, the government of Pakistan declared 32 castes and tribes, the majority of them Hindus, to be scheduled castes, including Kohlis, Meghawars, and Bheels. Since partition, the four tribes have lived in harmony with all religious communities including Muslims. This product is a monthly auto renewal product. Hindus form the biggest minority community in Pakistan. In 2011, the Government of Pakistan closed the Ministry of Minority Affairs. [6][7][8] However, before partition, according to the 1941 census, Hindus constituted 14% of the population in West Pakistan and 28% of the population in East Pakistan. Karachi: A Hindu temple in Pakistan's Sindh province was vandalised by an angry mob that also attempted to attack over 300 Hindu families, but were stopped by Muslims from entering the century-old neighbourhood, a media report said on Wednesday. [141][142][143], According to the Sustainable Development Policy Institute report, "Associated with the insistence on the Ideology of Pakistan has been an essential component of hate against India and the Hindus. Exclusive content, features, opinions and comment - hand-picked by our editors, just for you. Sometimes they are taken by powerful landlords as payment for outstanding debts by their farmhand parents, and the authorities often look the other way. Similarly, the number of seats in Provincial Assembly of Sindh and Punjab were increased from 100 to 159 and 240 to 363 respectively, but the non-Muslim reserved seats were not increased. According to official estimates, 75 lakh Hindus live in Pakistan. Local officials have blamed the incident on Muslim clerics. [81][82] The bill paves the way for regulations on registration of marriages and divorce for Hindus and fixes the minimum marrying age for males and females at 18 years-old. [40][41] The Pakistan Census separates the members of scheduled castes from Hindus and has assessed that they form 0.25% of the national population. Korean Christian missionaries have allegedly converted more than 1,000 Hindu families in 2012 alone. [96] In 2019, the Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan said that his government will reclaim and restore 400 temples to Hindus. A policeman inspecting a damaged Hindu temple in a remote village in north-west Pakistan yesterday, after it was attacked and set ablaze on Wednesday. Hindu pilgrims leave the Durgiana Temple after paying their respects on their way to reach the Katas Raj Temple to celebrate Maha Shivratri in Pakistan in February, 2020. [107] In 2019, three Hindu temples were vandalised in Ghotki district in Sindh over blasphemy accusations. In 1999, Pakistan abolished this system. Videos of … The Pakistan Hindu Council runs 13 schools across Tharparkar[46] and also conducts mass wedding of poor Hindu couples. [138][139] Between 2011 and 2012, twenty three Hindus were kidnapped for ransom and 13 Hindus were killed as a part of targeted killings of non-Muslims[113] In January 2014, a policeman standing guard outside a Hindu temple at Peshawar was gunned down. Hindus form the biggest minority community in Pakistan. According to the 1951 census, Pakistan (both West and East Pakistan or now Bangladesh) had a population of 75 million, of which 12.9 percent were Hindus. Pakistan Rebuild demolished Hindu temple in Karak within 2 weeks, orders Pakistan Supreme Court. Some Hindus in Pakistan feel that they are treated as second-class citizens and many have continued to migrate to India. The incident in the town of Karak drew condemnation from human rights activists and Pakistan's minister for human rights, Shireen Mazari. [96][104][105][106], In 2014, a Hindu temple and a dharmashala in Larkana district in Sindh was attacked by a crowd of Muslims. Hindu homes and temples were also attacked in Quetta. [56], In 2006, Ratna Bhagwandas Chawla became the first Hindu woman elected to the Senate of Pakistan. More than 70 years after the partition of India and Pakistan, increasing violence in this officially Muslim country against the Hindu minority — about 1 percent of Pakistan’s … Devotees from across faiths including Muslims 2017, the Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain signed the Hindu minority community in feel. Brought to fore Another example is the second largest religion in Pakistan Shiv temple in Teri of. This festival with colourful rangolis are very common there the Babri Masjid demolition, widespread erupted. Festival with colourful rangolis for the rest of the Hindus in Pakistan draw devotees from across faiths Muslims... 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