In fact, I can show you how in 8 super-easy steps. Unlike many similar numbers, no check digit is included. Generate a random fake social security number. IRS Publication 514: A document published by the Internal Revenue Service that provides tax guidance for individuals who paid tax on income to a … Important: After you apply, it will take 4 to 6 weeks for your Social Security Card to arrive. Keep in mind that in many cases, even if you lost your card, you may not need a replacement. For example, in the social engineering attack involving Hewlett-Packard, executives hired private investigators to manipulate phone companies into disclosing calling information and social security numbers of employees they suspected were leaking information to the press. However, the number was found to be in use by 12 individuals as late as 1977. Since then, Social Security numbers have become de facto national identification numbers. The Social Security Administration recommends that you wait ten days after arriving in the country to "make it easier for us to verify your Department of Homeland Security documents online, which will speed processing of your Social Security number application." [2] Although some people do not have an SSN assigned to them, it is becoming increasingly difficult to engage in legitimate financial activities such as applying for a loan or a bank account without one. It has since come to be used as an identifier for individuals within the United States, although rare errors occur where duplicates do exist. Social Security account to apply for a replacement Social Security card online if you: If your driver’s license or state-issued identification card was issued by one of the states listed below, this service is not yet available. Beginning in 1973, when the SSA began assigning SSNs and issuing cards centrally from Baltimore, the area number was assigned based on the ZIP Code in the mailing address provided on the application for the original Social Security card. "How many Americans' Social Security numbers were officially duplicated for Pacific islanders? ", "New algorithm guesses SSNs using date and place of birth", "Congress may slap restrictions on SSN use - CNET News". The most common type contains the cardholder's name and number. an application, TAKE OR MAIL The disappearance of these dependents is believed to have involved either children who never existed or tax deductions improperly claimed by non-custodial parents. U.S. Federal Census Collection. [42] The SSA initiated an advertising campaign stating that it was incorrect to use the number (Hilda Whitcher was issued a new SSN). In cases where the person has been a victim of domestic violence or harassment, and there is a clear need to change their number for their personal safety. § 405(c)(2). "Your Social Security Number And Card, "How can I protect my Social Security number? [15] Because of this, not every American is part of the Social Security program, and not everyone has a number. Philippine Islands (under U.S. rule until 1946), This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 12:23. State of allocation: Kentucky. One famous instance of this occurred in 1938 when the E. H. Ferree Company in Lockport, New York, decided to promote its product by showing how a Social Security card would fit into its wallets. The applicant's mailing address did not have to be the same as their place of residence. It is generally needed for employment purposes. Although the original purpose for the number was for the Social Security Administration to track individuals, the Social Security numb… this information to us. That distinction belongs to Grace D. Owen of Concord, New Hampshire. The middle two digits or group number range from 01 to 99. [11] Today, an SSN is required regardless of the child's age to receive an exemption. To apply for a Social Security number for a child under age 12 the following steps are required. The Old Order Amish have fought to prevent universal Social Security by overturning rules such as a requirement to provide a Social Security number for a hunting license. Social Security Administration. Individuals residing in Canada who require social security services or have questions about SSA benefits must contact their nearest SSA field office in the United States. [39] Since group numbers were allocated in a regular pattern, it was possible to identify an unissued SSN that contained an invalid group number. The number is issued to an individual by the Social Security Administration, an independent agency of the United States government. Day care services have tax benefits, and even a sole proprietor should give parents an EIN (employer identification number) to use on their tax return. Numbers with all zeros in any digit group (. This service is also not yet available if your driver’s license or identification card was issued by a U.S. territory (such as American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands). Social security number refers to the nine-digit number generally assigned to US citizens, permanent residents, and temporary (working) residents. The U.S. Armed Forces have used the Social Security number as an identification number for Army and Air Force personnel since July 1, 1969, the Navy and Marine Corps for their personnel since January 1, 1972, and the Coast Guard for their personnel since October 1, 1974. Inclusion in returns: Any person required under the authority of this title to make a return, statement, or other document shall include in such return, statement, or other document such identifying number as may be prescribed for securing proper identification of such person. [3], Social Security numbers were first issued by the Social Security Administration in November 1935 as part of the New Deal Social Security program. Nine-digit number issued to U.S. citizens and permanent residents, independent agency of the United States government, 9/11 Commission Implementation Act of 2004, Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers, "The Story of the Social Security Number", "Social Security Cards: De Facto National Identification", "The "First" Social Security Number; The Lowest Number", "Social Security Numbers Issued: A 20-Year Review", "A strategy for assembling samples of adult twin pairs in the United States", "Who Are the Ineligible EITC Recipients? The office is located at 6540 Niagara Falls, … "The Story of the Social Security Number." Get answers to frequently asked questions about Social Security. Financial institutions generally require an SSN to set up bank accounts, credit cards, and loans—partly because they assume that no one except the person it was issued to knows it. Internal Revenue Code section 6109(d) provides: "The social security account number issued to an individual for purposes of section 205(c)(2)(A) of the Social Security Act [codified as 42 U.S.C. To set up your account, go to: If you do not qualify to apply online for a card, please follow the instructions in the next section. If your state appears on this list, please check back. [4], On November 24, 1936, 1,074 of the nation's 45,000 post offices were designated "typing centers" to type up Social Security cards that were then sent to Washington, D.C. On December 1, 1936, as part of the publicity campaign for the new program, Joseph L. Fay of the Social Security Administration selected a record from the top of the first stack of 1,000 records and announced that the first Social Security number in history was assigned to John David Sweeney, Jr., of New Rochelle, New York. Processing times average about two weeks. The primary purpose of an SSN is to centrally track a person’s earnings. As a US citizen, you unfortunately cannot file a W7 for an ITIN and will need to apply for a Social Security number. This website is produced and published at U.S. taxpayer expense. Talk with your DSO about working and training in the United States. You can use a If you already have a Social Security number you do not need to apply again. A person can request a new Social Security number, but only under certain conditions;[29]. In the same way, the Social Security Number has become very important in the United States. In the event of duplicates having been issued. Over time, the number that appeared (078-05-1120) has been claimed by a total of over 40,000 people as their own. Then came the IRS, Banks and others who However, if you've misplaced your Social Security card and don't remember your number, you may be able to find it on another document. [13] Previously, the United States military used a much more complicated system of service numbers that varied by service. Social Security Number Basics. On June 25, 2011, the SSA changed the SSN assignment process to "SSN randomization". The nine-digit Social Security Number is issued to citizens, permanent residents, temporary working residents and foreign citizens in the United States. They are also the agency that administers every Social Security Number provided to citizens and visiting aliens. The Social Security Administration's account of the incident also claims that the fake card was half the size of a real card, despite a miniature card being useless for its purpose and despite Whitcher's holding two cards of apparently identical size in the accompanying photograph. In the United States, a Social Security number (SSN) is a nine-digit number issued to U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and temporary (working) residents under section 205(c)(2) of the Social Security Act, codified as 42 U.S.C. my One reads "not valid for employment." ", "Service Numbers and Social Security Numbers", "Amish reject giving Social Security numbers to get licenses", "The Nation; Not for Identification Purposes (Just Kidding)", "Can I refuse to give my Social Security number to a private business? Social Security is the best place to get information about Social Security. However, since the Social Security numbers were not assigned in chronological order, Sweeney did not receive the lowest Social Security number, 001-01-0001. LEARN FAQs. Dependents in F-2 status are not eligible for a Social Security number. Social Security Number. [citation needed] Since then, parents have often applied for Social Security numbers for their children soon after birth; today, it can be done on the application for a birth certificate.[12]. [10] In 1988, the threshold was lowered to two years old, and in 1990, the threshold was lowered yet again to one year old. It is indispensable on passport applications, tax returns, financial account reporting and numerous other business forms. [27] In accordance with §7213 of the 9/11 Commission Implementation Act of 2004 and 20 CFR 422.103, the number of replacement Social Security cards per person is generally limited to three per calendar year and ten in a lifetime. Numbers with 666 or 900–999 (Individual Taxpayer Identification Number) in the first digit group. It eliminated the geographical significance of the first three digits of the SSN, referred to as the area number, by no longer allocating specific numbers by state for assignment to individuals. To begin with, you must have a social security number in order to obtain a job. The original purpose of this number was to track individuals' accounts within the Social Security program. In the United States, a Social Security number (SSN) is a nine-digit number issued to U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and temporary (working) residents under section 205(c)(2) of the Social Security Act, codified as 42 U.S.C. For example, you can get a social security number by showing temporary work status on your form I-94. If you want to receive an SSN while studying in the United States, follow these steps: 1. Setting up your my SSA account is really simple. Thus, the area number did not necessarily represent the state of residence of the applicant regardless of whether the card was issued prior to, or after, 1973. Prior to June 25, 2011, a valid SSN could not have an area number between 734 and 749, or above 772, the highest area number the Social Security Administration had allocated. Suze Orman explains how a my Social Security account … Since you will be working in the U.S., you will first need to apply for a Social Security card. Furnishing number to other persons: Any person with respect to whom a return, statement, or other document is required under the authority of this title to be made by another person or whose identifying number is required to be shown on a return of another person shall furnish to such other person such identifying number as may be prescribed for securing their proper identification. Social Security numbers contain nine digits. [20][21] The card on which an SSN is issued is still not suitable for primary identification as it has no photograph, no physical description, and no birth date. This government-issued credential is a unique identifying number (SSN) that U.S. citizens, and some non-U.S. citizens, need for several significant purposes. In the United States, a Social Security number (SSN) is a nine-digit number issued to U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and temporary (working) residents. Prior to the 2011 randomization process, the first three digits or area numbers were assigned by geographical region. STEP #1 Visit the Social Security sign in page at www.ssa.gov. Previously unassigned area numbers have been introduced for assignment, excluding area numbers 000, 666 and 900–999. Where a person has a demonstrable religious objection to a number (such as certain Christians being averse to the number. They also administer the Supplemental Security Income program for the aged, blind, and disabled. Such cards are issued to U.S. citizens and U.S. permanent residents. A taxpayer who is not eligible to have a Social Security number must obtain an alternative Taxpayer Identification Number. If you plan to work in the U.S., or get a driver’s license, you generally need to have a Social Security Number. § 405(c)(2)(A)] shall, except as shall otherwise be specified under regulations of the Secretary [of the Treasury or his delegate], be used as the identifying number for such individual for purposes of this title [the Internal Revenue Code, title 26 of the United States Code]."[22]. Three different types of Social Security cards are issued. When a person has been a victim of identity theft, and their Social Security number continues to be problematic. Suze Orman on Why Creating an Account is Important. If you don’t have a my Social Security account, you can create one today. [34] Before SSN randomization took effect, they represented a straight numerical sequence of digits from 0001 to 9999 within the group. [42], More recently, Todd Davis distributed his SSN in advertisements for his company's LifeLock identity theft protection service, which allowed his identity to be stolen over a dozen times.[43][44]. [27], Identity confusion has also occurred because of the use of local Social Security numbers by the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau, whose numbers overlap with those of residents of New Hampshire and Maine.[28]. [9] Before this act, parents claiming tax deductions were simply trusted not to lie about the number of children they supported. Some SSNs used in advertising have rendered those numbers invalid. The easiest way to get a Social Security number for your child is at the hospital after they are born when you apply for your child’s birth certificate. Some special numbers are never allocated: Until 2011, the SSA published the last group number used for each area number. Exacerbating the problem of using the Social Security number as an identifier is the fact that the Social Security card contains no biometric identifiers of any sort, making it essentially impossible to tell whether a person using a certain SSN truly belongs to someone without relying on other documentation (which may itself have been falsely procured through use of the fraudulent SSN). The Social Insurance Number (SIN) is a 9 digit number that you need to work in Canada or to have access to government programs and benefits. When an individual or company purchases goods from an overseas supplier, CBP considers … Congress has proposed federal laws that restrict the use of SSNs for identification and bans their use for a number of commercial purposes—e.g., rental applications.[26]. It is replaced by a unique DOD identification number, formerly known as the EDIPI. It eliminated the significance of the highest group number assigned for each area number, and, as a result, the High Group List is frozen in time and can be used for validation of only those SSNs issued prior to the randomization implementation date. Employee, patient, student, and credit records are sometimes indexed by Social Security number. List showing the geographical location of the first three digits of the Social Security numbers assigned in the United States and its territories from 1973 until June 25, 2011. A Social Security number is important because you need it to get a job, collect Social Security benefits and get some other government services. Social Security numbers are also used as identification numbers for tax purposes. For all of these conditions, credible third-party evidence such as a restraining order or police report is required. And now it has gone … Effective June 25, 2011, the SSA assigns SSNs randomly and allows for the assignment of area numbers between 734 and 749 and above 772 through the 800s. Social Security Administration. About Your Social Security Number. The last four digits, which are serial numbers, "are the most important to protect" and they can "open credit in your name, steal your money" and more. If you wait to apply for a number at a Social Security office, there may be delays while SSA verifies your child’s birth certificate. Over time, the US Social Security Number (SSN) has evolved from merely the number of your account for retirement savings to something akin to a single national identification number that follows you throughout your US administrative life. When goods enter the United States from overseas, it is considered an importation and must be cleared by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). You should receive your Social Security card within 3 to 4 weeks after you arrive in the United States. § 405(c)(2). It is issued to an individual by the Social Security Administration. Now numbers are assigned randomly, and fraudulent SSNs are not easily detectable with publicly available information. [35] This should not be confused with Tax Identification Numbers (TINs), which include additional area numbers.[36]. Prior to 1973, cards were issued in local Social Security offices around the country and the area number represented the office code where the card was issued. Social Security provides those services and more for free. The purpose of Social Security numbers is to track individuals for Social Security reasons. A social security number is a number that is issued to all U.S. citizens, lawful permanent residents, and certain non-immigrants. It has issued over 450 million since the start of the program, and at a use rate of about 5.5 million per year. The SSN is frequently used by those involved in identity theft, since it is interconnected with many other forms of identification, and because people asking for it treat it as an authenticator. U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007. Steps for Obtaining a Social Security Number. A Social Security number is important because you need it to get a job, collect Social Security benefits and get some other government services. [8] The Tax Reform Act of 1986 required parents to list Social Security numbers for each dependent over the age of 5 for whom the parent wanted to claim a tax deduction. [14], Social Security was originally a universal tax, but when Medicare was passed in 1965, objecting religious groups in existence prior to 1951 were allowed to opt out of the system. my Social Security numbers are issued to American citizens and foreign citizens who are approved to work in the United States. If you are a U.S. citizen, and have not gotten a replacement Social Security card or name change recently, you may not be eligible to use the online replacement card application in Tax return preparers must obtain and use a Preparer Tax Identification Number (PTIN) to include on their client's tax returns (as part of signature requirements). Feel free to click the link. It says it has enough to last several generations without reuse or changing the number of digits. Where sequential numbers assigned to members of the same family are causing problems. ... obtained a U.S. Visa that allows you to work in the U.S. you must apply for a Social Security Card after you enter the United States of America. You may apply at the nearest Social Security Office. Better yet, apply for permanent status well before your temporary status expires. Although the original purpose for the number was for the Social Security Administration to track individuals,[1] the Social Security number has become a de facto national identification number for taxation and other purposes. [32] SSN randomization affected the SSN assignment process in the following ways: Because Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers (ITINs) are issued by the IRS, they were not affected by this SSA change. From April 2006 through August 2007, the SSA and Government Printing Office (GPO) employees were assigned to redesign the Social Security number card to the specifications of the Interagency Task Force created by the commissioner of Social Security in consultation with the secretary of Homeland Security. On June 25, 2011, the SSA changed the SSN assignment process to "SSN randomization". Your Social Security number remains your first and continuous link with Social Security. As the areas assigned to a locality were exhausted, new areas from the pool were assigned, so some states had noncontiguous groups of numbers. Please read our Coronavirus (COVID-19) information page to learn about changes to Social Security number card requests during the COVID-19 pandemic. You should keep your Social Security card in a safe place with your other important papers and avoid giving it out unnecessarily. Instead, for administrative reasons, group numbers were issued in the following order:[33]. Such cards cannot be used as proof of work authorization, and are not acceptable as a List C document on the I-9 form. Related data collections. [31] The number is divided into three parts: the first three digits, known as the area number because they were formerly assigned by geographical region; the middle two digits, known as the group number; and the final four digits, known as the serial number. 401-26-1970. The Social Security number is a nine-digit number in the format "AAA-GG-SSSS". Accessed Feb. 21, 2020. Retirement Estimator . A SIN is issued to one person only and it cannot legally be used by anyone else. The Social Security Administration will assign you an SSN and issue you a card after you arrive in the United States. We are working to make this service available to additional states. Even though the card was printed in red (the real card is printed in blue) and had "specimen" printed across the front, many people used Whitcher's SSN as their own. Through functionality creep, the SIN is now become a national identification number. Social Security Number and Card – Deferred Action For Childhood Arrivals. Do not pay for something we will give you free. Many parents apply for their newborns to receive SSNs before they leave the hospital. A few duplications did occur when prenumbered cards were sent out to regional SSA offices and (originally) post offices. The process can take some time but being organized and having as many of the documents /information (mentioned above) as possible when you go to the appointment with the Social Security will help ensure that you don’t get sent home and needing to set up another … Are a U.S. citizen age 18 or older with a U.S. mailing address (this includes APO, FPO, and DPO addresses); Are not requesting a name change or any other change to your card; and. [45] SSN randomization affects the SSN assignment process. Important: All documents submitted must be either originals or copies certified by the issuing agency. The Social Security Administration does not reuse Social Security numbers. The last four digits of your Social Security ...", "RM 10201.035 Invalid Social Security Numbers (SSNs)", "High Group List And Other Ways To Determine If An SSN Is Valid", "Q20: Are Social Security numbers reused after a person dies? It can be applying on Form SS-5, application for A Social Security Number Card. 2. You should be careful to see that you always renew your temporary immigration status. You are responsible for protecting your SIN. If you plan to work, have an assistantship, or get a driver’s license, you must have a Social Security Number. However, a Social Security number is required for parents to claim their children as dependents for federal income tax purposes,[12] and the Internal Revenue Service requires all corporations to obtain SSNs (or alternative identifying numbers) from their employees, as described below. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) offers alternatives to SSNs in some places where providing untrusted parties with identification numbers is essential. You should keep your Social Security card in a safe place with your other important papers and avoid giving it out unnecessarily. A sample card, used for display purposes, was placed in each wallet, which was sold by Woolworth and other department stores across the country; the wallet manufacturer's vice president and treasurer Douglas Patterson used the actual SSN of his secretary, Hilda Schrader Whitcher. Generally, numbers were assigned beginning in the northeast and moving south and westward, so that people applying from addresses on the east coast had the lowest numbers and those on the west coast had the highest numbers. Its primary purpose is to track individuals for Social Security purposes. Fill out and print an Application for a Social Security Card; and mail your application and documents to your local Social Security office. A Social Security Number (SSN) issued by Social Security Administration, is a number issued to citizens, permanent residents, temporary (working) residents and foreign citizens in the United States. This working status eventually expires even though your social security number is valid. The new SSN card design utilizes both covert and overt security features created by the SSA and GPO design teams. Many online services, however, provide SSN validation. Have a driver’s license or state-issued identification card from one of the many participating states or the District of Columbia. [2], A Social Security number may be obtained by applying on Form SS-5, Application for a Social Security Number Card. Your nine-digit Social Security number is your first and continuous connection with Social Security. A Social Security number (SSN) is issued to track earnings over a worker’s lifetime. The Social Security Administration assigns Social Security numbers, and administers the Social Security retirement, survivors, and disability insurance programs. Make sure to bring your card with you to the U.S. The number is issued to an individual by the Social Security Administration (SSA). The Social Security Administration (SSA) is a US federal government agency tasked with administering a range of social welfare and insurance programs – things like unemployment benefits and retiree payments. Among its changes, it eliminates the geographical significance of the first three digits of the SSN, previously referred to as the Area Number, by no longer allocating the Area Numbers for assignment to individuals in specific states. New Social Security card in a safe place with your DSO about working and training in United... Is a number. Security card is used as identification numbers is to centrally track a person has number. Temporary status expires check back from 0001 to 9999 within the Social Security card is and can check it you... Is issued by the Social Security numbers, no check digit is.! That distinction belongs to Grace D. Owen of Concord, New Hampshire indispensable passport. 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