by 1850. next year, the Richardsons withdrew from the business when Inman leased their ships to France for use in war, and early in 1857 Inman dropped service to Philadelphia in favor of New York. By 1923, only the old Haverford, now leased to Britain's There were still Philadelphia merchants active The The Museum’s Collections document the fate of Holocaust victims, survivors, rescuers, liberators, and others through artifacts, documents, photos, films, ... letter from the Hamburg-American Line in 1939 cancelling the trip she helped fund to try and them to the United States; and letters to … Londonderry and Philadelphia. of the over 150,000 Scotch-Irish who migrated from Ulster to the colonies. And despite quotas and limits, yet another hundred thousand immigrants arrived in Philadelphia since the mid-1920's. In any case, demand quickly brought forth an increased supply. The line also leased up to a half-dozen other ships in the 1880s so that it could offer three sailings between Liverpool and Philadelphia per week. Of the two 1920's the waterfront was a bustling place, especially around the Washington Avenue wharves where the American and Red Star Lines docked. As vessels grew safer, larger, sturdier, and faster, ocean crossings became less of an ordeal. next year, the Richardsons withdrew from the business when Inman leased their ships to France for use in war, and early in 1857 Inman dropped service to Philadelphia in favor of New York.Of course, many sailing ships continued In the first decades of this century, Italians, Hamburg Passenger Lists 1850-1934 Online at Ancestry (requires payment) The years 1850-1914 and 1920-1926 have been indexed so far. witnessed the start of a massive change, even though most of the city's immigrants continued to come via New York rather than directly to Philadelphia. The next five years were the low point in the history of Philadelphia as an immigrant port. Notice to all interested parties for CUBA. For instance, there were 127,000 foreign-born Philadelphians in 1970, and many more people were being naturalized in the city than actually arrived through the airport. 110 miles from the ocean, up a shallow bay and what used to a winding river channel. Location: Based in Hamburg, Germany. This reference provides text, photographs, charts, maps, and extensive indexes. True, more of the Irish now had good factory Although it began serving New York in the 1890s, the American Line never abandoned Philadelphia, adding ships with such local names as the Kensington, Southwark, Haverford, and Merion Avenue in South Philadelphia. Steerage tickets cost between five and seven pounds while a good factory wage in the United Kingdom was one pound per week. Although the Poles were a much smaller group, they, unlike the Italians, expanded their original settlements into larger ethnic neighborhoods. The one building finished before the war was used only for a detention center and immigration service offices. Philadelphia as an immigrant city.Nevertheless, the history of Philadelphia as an immigrant port is a rich and complex story of peaks and valleys, false starts, and perseverance against natural disadvantages. The Free and Hanseatic City (Freie und Hansestadt) of Hamburg is the second smallest of the 16 Länder of Germany, with a territory of only 292 square miles (755 square km). The Company's ships were among the largest and fastest connecting Europe with North American ports, including Hoboken and New Orleans. soon joined the fleet, each carrying about 400 passengers. But the $250,000 it appropriated for Philadelphia in 1909 was not worked, while more affluent Philadelphians of all ethnic groups were moving out of the old parts of the city and into the northwest and west. But the tedious two-week voyage around Cape May and up In the 1820s alone nearly 20,000 immigrants, almost ten percent of the national total, came to the city as two lines of Philadelphia sailing ships ran immigrant arrivals had fallen to about five percent, where it would stay until the Civil War. much steeper than the national decrease in immigration. Overall, the city's population had grown from 847,170 to 1,950,961 in the half century You can take a 360-degree look at the museum, and click around the rare artifacts to get additional information on their histories. soon after the Civil War, developers had started to build large tracts of uniform row-houses east of Broad Street in North and South Philadelphia and across the Schuylkill in West Philadelphia. By 1930, after the final burst of immigration in the early twenties, immigrants and their Beginning about 1717, when the Provincial Assembly ordered ship captains to submit passenger lists to officials, there were true mass migrations of Germans and of Scotch-Irish directly to Philadelphia. By then the American Line's prosperity was firmly based on the new waves of immigrants from eastern and southern Europe who sailed to America from British ports. construction laborers, especially, lived in alleys and sidestreets all over Philadelphia although there were some Irish concentrations in Southwark, Moyamensing, and Grays' Ferry along the southern borders of the city. Bridesburg. Steamship companies designed their finest accommodations with these passengers in mind. increase steadily though its ethnic mixture remained stable. The duplicate examinations by state and national authorities continued to annoy passengers until 1913 when inspectors were centralized at The Italians, now well established in the garment, construction, and waterfront industries, enlarged their settlement in South Philadelphia By then the American Line's prosperity was firmly based on the new waves of immigrants from eastern and southern Europe who sailed to America from British ports. Farther to the northwest, But that year saw disaster as well. He noted that in the One reason was simply ice in the river. AT the same time, a large community of Irish skilled workers and middle-class families had developed west of Broad Street near South Street, but that was by no means a predominantly Irish area. He noted that in the Its ships had been busy in the 1850s bringing English and Irish emigrants from Liverpool to Philadelphia, but after 1868 they could no longer compete against In any case, Philadelphia had been more than adequately protected against imported diseases and after 1865 There were some ethnic concentrations, generally based on job specialization and related income All told in the eight years from 1847 through 1854, over 120,000 immigrants modern steamship companies ushered in a fifty-year period of active immigration, during which just over a million immigrants arrived in the city and Philadelphia resumed its place as the fourth largest immigrant port in the At first, Great Britain, Ireland, and Germany continued to be the chief sources of immigrants to The Louvre is not only one of the world’s largest art museums, but it’s also one of Paris’s most iconic historic monuments. arrived in Philadelphia, now the nation's fourth largest immigrant port. Visible Irish, Italian, Jewish and Polish neighborhoods remained In 1939, the Cuban government turned away the St. Louis, a transatlantic liner carrying 937 Jews fleeing Nazi Germany. Holocaust Memorial Museum will help you learn more about the Holocaust and research your family history. Still, the city has received some members of each major modern immigrant group, including up to 16,000 Displaced Persons But the eighties In 1854 the City of Manchester officially as the Liverpool and Philadelphia Steam Ship Company, was owned by William Inman and his partners the Richardson Brothers, who were Liverpool Quakers. At the turn They were joined by ships of the Holland-America, Italia, and North German Lloyd lines as Philadelphia's immigrant arrivals rose to a peak of over 60,000 in 1913. Jews numbered almost 100,000, and there were now more Philadelphians who had been born in Poland (31,112) than in England (30,886). The more important of the two companies, the American Line, was founded with support from the Pennsylvania Railroad and opened the city's first immigrant station at a railroad-owned pier at the foot of Washington Beginning about 1717, when the Provincial Assembly ordered ship captains to submit passenger lists to officials, there were true mass migrations of Germans and of Scotch-Irish directly to Philadelphia. Port. In fact, in 1683 when Dutch and German religious groups founded Germantown  now part of Philadelphia  they established the first settlement of Nevertheless, the money that recent arrivals in America remitted for the passage of others was central to the whole link between English-speaking or 150 non-English-speaking passengers could be processed each hour.The station naturally became one of the most colorful places in Philadelphia. Meanwhile, since the Washington Avenue station had been torn down in With immigration restriction pending in the postwar years, work at Gloucester City was not resumed, and the Delaware Valley never received its anticipated In all, about 70,000 Germans landed there before the Revolution and Philadelphia also received the largest share Almost all immigrants made their first contact with America at the piers The restrictive immigration quotas implemented the next year ended even that activity, reducing the booming immigration of only ten years earlier to built a few miles below Philadelphia. Along with those of British background, they arrived in the city soon made their way elsewhere while most immigrants who settled locally had arrived through another port, usually New York, just ninety miles to the northeast. Farther to the northwest, One company which operated a profitable, if small, sailing operation was McCorbell & Co. of journey to New York. Between 1855 and 1864, more than 50,000 immigrants had come to the city, but in 1872, when 400,000 people migrated to questioning. But the eighties The Irish were initially much poorer than the Germans as a group. prevail against the five-foot thick ridges of ice. The one building finished before the war was used only for a detention center and immigration service offices. The year's total migration to Philadelphia was 571-foot-long pier at Vine Street served the Italian ships. equivalent of Ellis Island.The immigrant quotas of the early twenties that killed that project brought an end to a half century of direct immigration to the port of Philadelphia, but in the five decades that had begun with the Immigration and Naturalization Service (1941-). Finally, in 1919 the state ended its inspection service. All told in the eight years from 1847 through 1854, over 120,000 immigrants In contrast, the Jews moved out to several different parts of North and West Philadelphia, leaving only modest communities in the old part of the city they had shared with the Italians. The overall total of direct immigrants to the city remained low, to their jobs. Within a few years it had been joined by more ``City" ships, named after Manchester, Overall, the city's population had grown from 847,170 to 1,950,961 in the half century South Philadelphia; the North German Lloyd landed north of Washington Avenue at Fitzwater Street; and the Allan Line docked north of the downtown at Callowhill Street. Two-thirds of the Germans, by contrast, were employed in trades, such as tailoring, shoemaking, and baking, and the groups had settled fairly heavily in the Northern Liberties and other newer manufacturing districts to the Marcus Hook, 20 miles from Philadelphia docks. largest single group naturalized was the Koreans, census figures showed that they city contained over 20,000 persons of Asian ancestry, and over 2,000 Cubans. made five trips to Philadelphia, with as many as 532 passengers each time. emergence as one of the great immigrant cities of the mid-nineteenth century. As up to eight inspectors greeted each ship, it was estimated that 300 A steerage ticket cost eight pounds eight shillings  several months' wages for a laborer  and business was brisk. Learn more about Albert American Museum of Natural History, New York City. Still, the city has received some members of each major modern immigrant group, including up to 16,000 Displaced Persons increase steadily though its ethnic mixture remained stable. and immigrant stations and according to all accounts, for most who came through Philadelphia that was their only contact with the city, for relatives or employers quickly took them elsewhere. equivalent of Ellis Island. Over the next two decades, Philadelphia's immigrant population continued to The quotas limiting immigration from southern and eastern Europe put an end to an already-ailing immigrant business. years. Large scale European immigration to the new United States did not begin until the end Large scale European immigration to the new United States did not begin until the end Outside, there was usually a crowd of entrepreneurs eager to charge the But the tedious two-week voyage around Cape May and up and classes lived near their jobs, and the immigrants were thus spread around the city far more than later groups would be. Hamburg Ice. enough to purchase any riverfront site within the city's limits. Hamburg passenger lists are available from 1850-1934. With immigration restriction pending in the postwar years, work at Gloucester City was not resumed, and the Delaware Valley never received its anticipated The best time accomplished was 6 days 10 hours 32 minutes between New York and Southampton. In the early years sailing time was about 40 days, Hamburg to New York. tended to predominate in the commuter developments along the new trolley and subway lines extending through West Philadelphia and such parts of northern Philadelphia as Olney, Oak Lane, and Logan. Also known as: Hamburg Amerikanische Packetfahrt Actien Gesellschaft (HAPAG); Hamburg-Amerika Linie; Hamburg-America Line, Hamburg-American Line. Within a few years it had been joined by more ``City" ships, named after Manchester, of German population in the Northern Liberties and Kensington had expanded into other parts of north and northeast Philadelphia. Dollar Steamship Line History and Ephemera. Previously, few German passengers or immigrant ships had come to Philadelphia, but by the eve of World War I, four Hamburg-American ships regularly sailed through to Philadelphia after stopping in Boston. first half of 1851, with the effects of the great famine still evident, thirteen ships from Londonderry had gone to Philadelphia compared to four to New York and five to Canada. Finally, a political boss from Gloucester City, New Jersey, name William Thompson sold his own five-acre estate to the government some two years later, but Philadelphia as a port of entry has been very different from, and less important than, During the 1950's and 1960's as further to the south and west. ports. Your search appears in a finding aid linked to the detail record: Your search appears on the following linked inventory items: Holocaust Survivors and Victims Resource Center, Schanzer, Ida: Hamburg-American Line, 1939, Poster advertising the flagships of the Hamburg-Amerika Line. In the same period, the American economy prospered and a class of wealthy Americans was eager to travel in luxury. American Museum of Natural History 200 Central Park West New York, NY 10024-5102 Phone: 212-769-5100 Open 10 am–5:30 pm, Wednesday–Sunday Just as the remodeling at Vine Street was starting, Philadelphia's immigration facilities became embroiled in a three-year-long controversy. Meanwhile, since the Washington Avenue station had been torn down in Southwark, Moyamensing, and the Northern Liberties. entry. iron steamers, the Pennsylvania, Indiana, and Illinois modern steamship companies ushered in a fifty-year period of active immigration, during which just over a million immigrants arrived in the city and Philadelphia resumed its place as the fourth largest immigrant port in the iron steamers, the Pennsylvania, Indiana, and Illinois After World War I the line briefly resumed immigrant service from Liverpool, but when the United States severely curtailed immigration in 1924, the service came to a halt. But many more people were by this time coming to the city via New York, for Philadelphia's share of all Londonderry and Philadelphia. previous trough, the decline in twentieth-century immigration to Philadelphia has not been reversed. But that event proved exceptional, for the Germantown settlers not only landed in Philadelphia, but also stayed in the area. The Emigration Officer thought that Londonderry emigrants were somewhat wealthier Koreans. The company built a large ocean liner terminal at Cuxhaven, Germany, in 1900. in overseas trade, however, and many ships were bringing immigrants to the city. In 1873 the establishment of two South Philadelphia; the North German Lloyd landed north of Washington Avenue at Fitzwater Street; and the Allan Line docked north of the downtown at Callowhill Street. The Hamburg American Line steamship HOLSATIA, captain Ehlers, arrived at New York on 27 October 1868, from Hamburg 14 October, via Southampton 16 October, with merchandise and 850 passengers. On the return trip to Londonderry, the receiving immigrants. America, Philadelphia's officially recorded share was only 154, including 48 Spaniards, 19 Frenchmen, and a hardly credible two immigrants from Ireland. city faced the massive Irish and German migrations of the late 1840s with only its one line of sailing ships to EuropeIn any case, demand quickly brought forth an increased supply. The 9,555 immigrants of 1924 were followed by just 731 in 1925, and the total did not again Baltimore, and Philadelphia. By the twenties, nearly half of all Philadelphians owned their own residences, and the city's population density was remarkably low. As late as 1900, the Germans, Irish, and British still made up well over By then, New York was becoming the nation's chief port and city while the Philadelphia business community was turning its interest inland. Cope began his Liverpool service in 1821, and his ships the Tonawanda, Tuscarora, and Wyoming After 1815 it was busy. Philadelphia's physical expansion matched its population growth. 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