Pneumonia is an infection where the tiny air sacs in your lungs (alveoli) become inflamed. These sacs may also fill with fluid, pus, and cellular debris. People who are HIV positive, or who have leukemia, lymphoma, or severe kidney disease also stand a greater chance of developing the infection. But if your body’s defenses (immune system) become weak for some reason, the bacteria can go down into your lungs. If you have lung cancer, you may have an increased risk for pneumonia. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Most bacteria that cause pneumonia are pyogenic bacteria, which means that they form pus, a combination of debris from serum, dead bacteria, and … Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter. What increases your risk for bacterial pneumonia? It’s very important that you finish all of these. In the hospital, you’ll be given antibiotics to treat the specific type of bacteria causing your pneumonia. A number of different kinds of bacteria can cause pneumonia. The infection is caused by bacteria or by a viral infection, which is a disease that is caused by different types of viruses. Make an appointment with your doctor if you or someone you know has symptoms of pneumonia. ‍ Pneumonia Symptoms. Treating Pneumonia. Mild signs and symptoms often are similar to those of a cold or flu, but they last longer.Signs and symptoms of pneumonia may include: 1. It doesn’t usually cause harm or illness unless you have a weakened immune system. They may display similar symptoms to the ones above. Bacterial pneumonia may involve just one small section of your lung, or it may encompass your entire lung. ; Pneumonia may be caused by viral infections, bacterial infections, or fungi; less frequently by other causes. It is a highly contagious lung infection characterised by inflammation of air sacs in one or both the lungs. With bacterial pneumonia, a person may have a high fever. In bacterial pneumonia, there will likely be a much more visible presence of fluid in the lungs than viral pneumonia. Last medically reviewed on March 17, 2017. Pneumonia can make it difficult for your body to get enough oxygen to your blood, which can cause cells to not work properly. Secondary bacterial pneumonia has a higher risk of death than regular pneumonia because the immunity system is already compromised by the first infection. Visual Guide To Bronchitis: Symptoms, How Long It Lasts, Recovery, Have another condition that weakens your body’s defenses, Feeling like you can’t catch your breath, especially when you move around a lot, People who have a high risk of bacterial pneumonia, Children older than 2 who have a high risk of bacterial pneumonia, People between 19 and 64 who smoke or have. How is aspiration pneumonia different from other pneumonias, and what are the causes, symptoms, and risk factors? Early symptoms are similar to influenza symptoms: fever, a dry cough, headache, muscle pain, and weakness. Bacterial vs. viral pneumonia: What’s the difference? The main symptoms of bacterial pneumonia include fever, cough and shortness of breath. Stay home until your fever goes down and you aren’t coughing anything out. Pneumonia is a common lung infection where the lungs’ air sacks become inflamed. Your doctor might also suggest medication for pain and fever. Walking pneumonia is a mild form of pneumonia. Other things you can do to help yourself get better: Most people who are treated for bacterial pneumonia start feeling better in a few days, but it can take a few weeks before you feel 100% better. They’ll probably listen to your lungs with a stethoscope. Haemophilus influenzae is the second most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. 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