Examples of religious ceremonies, some of which still exist today, include the ghost dance and lengthy funeral services followed by internment in a … Every Caddo meeting, large or small, every meal, every dance or other gathering begins with prayer. They had roofs made out of either grass or bark. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 27 mai 2018 à 22:05. The land, jointly owned by the three tribes, is now a 487-acre reservation spread throughout Grady, Canadian, and Caddo counties. The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Native American tribes who historically inhabited much of what is now East Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. More than 1,200 years ago, a tribe of Caddo Indians known as the Hasinai built a village and ceremonial center. Sometime between 700 and 800 they settled the area between the Arkansas River and the middle reaches of the Red, Sabine, Angelina, and Neches rivers and adopted agriculture. Aujourd'hui les Caddos forment une tribu unique avec leur capitale à Binger dans l'Oklahoma. Food was cooked into cornbread, soups and hominy. The clans were named after an animal (e.g., bison, bear, raccoon) or celestial phenomena (sun, thunder) and were ranked, some clans having a higher social … Early Caddo History. There are many Caddo folktales, many of which center around supernatural monsters or anthropomorphic animals. Il existe différents programmes destinés à revigorer les traditions caddos. THE CADDO NATION INDIAN TRIBE. First of all, it must be mentioned that the marvelous Caddo Lake immediately sets itself apart from other the majority of lakes. Its county seat is Anadarko. Caddo Parish, Louisiana's estimated population is 237,575 with a growth rate of -1.09% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Traditional foods included corn, beans, deer, buffalo, and fish. Sep 19, 2016 - Explore Faye Hall's board "Caddo Indians" on Pinterest. This was the final and bitter end to the Caddo settlement of their traditional homelands. World of the Caddo. Welcome to the website for the Wichita and Caddo Nation of the OK/ITGenWeb, a part of the USGenWeb Project. The Caddo people farmed, hunted, and fished for their food. Caddo Indians enter written history in chronicles of the Hernando de Soto expedition, which describe encounters during the Spanish passage through southwest Arkansas. Autrefois, les Wichitas et les Pawnees faisaient partie de la même nation que les Caddos, ce qui est démontré par le fait que ces tribus parlent des langues Caddo. To say that I was … (13.7 meters). Caddo Indians Facts - Homes and Villages. The Caddo tribe continues to practice the Ghost Dance and remains active in the Native American Church today. The Caddo Indians, a tribe of Native Americans, were the original inhabitants of northwest Louisiana. They had roofs made out of either grass or bark. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caddos&oldid=148951775, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. The Reddit post that inspired this video is at: https://www.reddit.com/r/eu4/comments/5ibbou/why_caddo_is_secretly_the_second_best_nation_in/This is … Most Caddos speak English today, but some people, especially elders, also speak their native Caddo language. See more ideas about native american history, native american indians, native american. The Caddo Nation is thought to have lived in this area of the south as early as 200 BC and by the year 800 had begun to … La population totale caddo était de 200 000 vers 1500, 8 000 vers 1700 et 3 371 vers 1990. Caddo Indian Tribe: History and genealogy of the Caddo tribe. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.70% of the population. Les Caddos sont une nation, ou groupe de tribus, d'Amérindiens qui, au XVIe siècle, occupaient une grande partie de ce qui est devenu l'est du Texas, l'ouest de la Louisiane et des parties du sud de l'Arkansas et de l'Oklahoma. Tribe History: Fourteen Adai Caddo families moved away from their original homelands and migrated with the Spanish to reestablish the Capital of Texas at Bexar (known today as San Antonio, Texas), after closing the former Presidio de Los Adais that served as the capital of Texas for almost 50 years that was located in the Texas and Louisiana regions but soon returned to join their tribe. The Caddo People produced beautiful art including pottery, woodcarvings, and baskets. The Turkey Dance is a series of more than fifty songs that are remembered in many Caddo dialects and recount occurrences in tribal history, including important battles and the creation of Caddo Lake. this picture features their houses. College Station: Texas A&M Press, 1995. They built their villages on the fertile lands along the Red River. Les Caddos se composaient historiquement de trois confédérations d'au moins 25 tribus différentes et parlaient une variété de dialectes des langues caddoanes. Ce conseil entretient les centres administratifs, des terrains de danse, et divers centres communautaires. Peyote had a part in sacred Caddo rituals for centuries before the first Native … The Caddos were the most advanced Native American culture in Texas. Today, most Caddos live in western-style houses or apartments and wear more generic American clothing, except during ceremonial events. Karrankawas Caddos - How they Lived Texas Region Clothing: The men wore breechcloths. Caddo men often wore their hair in Mohawks, while women wore their hair in buns. According to tribal traditions the lower Red river of Louisiana was the early home of the Caddo, from which they spread to the northwest, and south. They also used bows and arrows to hunt deer, bear, and small game animals. Caddo Indians Fact Sheet Our answers to common questions about the lifestyle of the Caddo Indian tribe. The Caddo originated in the lower Mississippi Valley and spread west along the river systems. When archeologists study sites today, this pottery is key in identifying whether it was the Caddo who lived there. The men of the tribe traditionally had Mohawk style haircuts or would shave their heads except for one long lock of hair. They were descendants of the Caddoan Mississippian culture that constructed huge earthwork mounds at several sites in this territory. Caddos Caddos Region Texas Region: They lived in the Southern Plains. Historiquement, il existait trois langues caddo distinctes. The Caddo were a group of about 25 Native North American tribes that originally lived in the area that is now Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. There were two main groups of the Caddo in Texas. Buntin Williams a fluent speaker in Caddo and English, is the one most often called upon for public prayer. The traditional homes were made of grass supported by a framework of poles. The first primary inhabitants around Caddo Lake were the Caddo Indians. Halfmoon’s tribe—the Caddo tribe—also has a rich history with ceramics, especially with pottery. They were very farm based and that's where most of their food came from. In cold weather both men and women would wear thick robes made with buffalo fur. F. Todd Smith, "The Red River Caddos: A Historical Overview to 1835," Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 64 (1994). There are many Caddo folktales, many of which center around … Sometimes with leather leggings. Cannon. Texas Kiowa Indians. Les Caddos invitèrent les missionnaires européens à revenir et à leur retour une épidémie plus terrible encore réduit la population à seulement 1 000 individus. Caddo Parish, Louisiana Language. The other was the Tejas or Hasinais Caddo who lived around present day Nacogdoches. The Caddos came to East Texas from the Mississippi Valley around 800 A.D. Their territory included parts of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana and East Texas. F. Todd Smith, The Caddo Indians: Tribes at the Convergence of Empires, 1542–1854 (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1995). Facts for Kids. Weapons, Beliefs & Traditions of the Chinook Indian. The Caddo Indian Confederacy consisted of six tribes who would eventually sell their lands to the United States by signing the Treaty of Cession of 1835. Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Caddo Nation, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Caddo Mounds State Historic Site: An East Texas Ancient Civilization- More than 1,200 years ago, a group of Caddo Indians known as the Hasinai built a village and ceremonial center just east of Wec… Les Haisinais vivaient sur un domaine s'étendant de Nacogdoches (Texas), qui était à l'origine un établissement caddo, à la rivière Neches. | New Words! Artistically, Caddo Indians are most famous for their ornate pottery, which is made in a variety of styles. Few people can say their family came to America hundreds of years ago. According to Caddo lore, the tribe always selected sites near turkey roosts for their villages and not simply because of the game they provided. One major Caddo tribe was the Kadohadacho. Religious ceremonies played a central role in Caddo traditions and Caddo customs. Les Nachitoches habitaient aux alentours de Natchitoches (Louisiane), qui était à l'origine un établissement caddo, et dans la vallée de la rivière Cane. This was because they were a successful agricultural tribe, so they would had to stay to the crops to grow. The introductory video also details how prehistoric members of the Adai Caddo tribe were hunters and farmers who originated from Texas. A less common house was made of brush covered by mud and supported by poles. The vote was 314 for, 38 against. They lived in dome-shaped houses made from grass stuffed into a wooden … Feb 25, 2019 - Explore Little Ole Me! The Texas Caddo Indians: A history of the Caddo Indians in Texas, with many pictures. All documents must be provided for assistance to be considered. Haurwitz, Ralph. On trouve des populations significatives en Arkansas, en Louisiane, en Oklahoma et au Texas. this picture shows pumpkins, corn, beans, and sunflowers. Wichita & Caddo Nation is available for adoption, if interested please e-mail the State coordinator for details. An upright log mortar for pounding corn usually stood near their dwellings. An enrolled member of the Kiowa Tribe with Caddo and French descent, he was popularly known as T.C. The Caddos, the Wichitas, and the United States, 1846–1901. As time progressed their clothing style changed. The Kadohadacho lived in large villages along the Red river near the present day Oklahoma - Arkansas border. Les plaines sèches forment un contraste avec les riches forêts montagneuses qui étaient leur patrie. At the height of their mound-building culture - around 1200 A.D. - the Caddos numbered 250,000 people. ———. Print . One of the most distinctive characteristics of Caddo culture was their pottery, which encompassed many different styles and forms over a span of about 1,000 years (A.D. 800–1800). En 1859, l'État du Texas déporta les Caddos survivants de leur territoire sur une réserve en Oklahoma, et en 1874 les Caddos s'unifièrent officiellement en tant que tribu distincte. Tonkawa Indians. Jul 28, 2012 - Explore Native American Encyclopedia's board "Caddo", followed by 17549 people on Pinterest. When members of Hernando de Soto’s expedition entered the region in 1542, thriving Caddo communities were distributed along the Brazos, Trinity, Neches, Sabine, Red, and Ouachita rivers. Today these Native American people live in modern day houses and apartment buildings. Related. The Caddo Confederacies of East Texas: Data on the history of the Caddo tribes and their ancestors. some of their main food. The Caddo proper originally occupied the lower Red River area in what are now Louisiana and Arkansas. Their weapons included bow and arrows and clubs made out of wood and bone. The Hasinai, Natchitoches, and Kadohadacho were forcibly pushed out of East Texas by Anglo settlers. “My tribe has been making pottery for thousands of years,” she says. These diseases decimated the Caddo population. The other was the Tejas or Hasinais Caddo who lived around present day Nacogdoches. Caddo men hunted for deer, buffalo, and small game and went fishing in the rivers. Austin: Texas A&M University Press, 1996. Tribe History: Fourteen Adai Caddo families moved away from their original homelands and migrated with the Spanish to reestablish the Capital of Texas at Bexar (known today as San Antonio, Texas), after closing the former Presidio de Los Adais that served as the capital of Texas for almost 50 years that was located in the Texas and Louisiana regions but soon returned to join their tribe. Caddo County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma.As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,600. In the ensuing century and a half, the Caddo Nation has maintained autonomy as a sovereign tribal nation with its own unique set of songs and dances, material culture, and language. 300 years later the Spanish and the French visited the area, passing along the Camino. The Caddo have the proud distinction of descending from ancestors who arrived around 700 A.D. Tejas Main. Elle envisage actuellement de changer son nom officiel en Nation Caddo d'Oklahoma. Kids Main | Fun & Games | Fantastic Facts | Adventures | Be a Scientist! In October 1872 Big John Scullin and his Irish laborers laid the first track into the site. The Caddo organized themselves in 1938 as the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma. Traditional foods included corn, beans, deer, buffalo, and fish. At the height of their mound-building culture - around 1200 A.D. - the Caddos numbered 250,000 people. There shape resembled a beehive and could have a diameter of up to 45 feet (13.7 meters). The several Caddo dialects have converged into a single language. Todd Smith, The Caddo Indians (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1995). The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Native American tribes who historically inhabited much of what is now East Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. Les Piney Woods sont une forêt dense d'arbres à feuilles caduques et de conifères recouvrant des collines, des vallées escarpées, et des zones humides appelées bayous. John Wilson (Caddo) was instrumental in bringing the Ghost Dance to the Caddo, was also a peyote roadman and originator of the Big Moon Ceremony. Dee Ann Story, Cultural History of the Native Americans, in Archeology and Bioarcheology of the Gulf Coast Plain (Research Series No. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Caddo Native Americans Geography: They live in the southern Plains, particularly Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana most Caddo people today live in Oklahoma. “My tribe has been making pottery for thousands of years,” she says. In the late 1800s many Caddo joined the Ghost Dance religion which was a popular religion among the Native Americans living in the Southeast and other regions of the United States at that time. The Caddo lived in several tribal groups in southwest Arkansas and nearby areas of Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma from A.D. 1000 to about A.D. 1800. One major Caddo tribe was the Kadohadacho. Artistically, Caddo Indians are most famous for their ornate pottery, which is made in a variety of styles. The Kadohadacho lived in large villages along the Red river near the present day Oklahoma - Arkansas border. Interesting Facts: The caddos were the friendliest tribe and traded with everyone. La tribu Caddo d'Oklahoma est une tribu reconnue au niveau fédéral. As his tribes were positioned on the disputed border between Spanish-held Mexico and the United States, Dehahuit became a shrewd diplomat. They grew corn and pumpkins as primary crops which, later combined with beans and squash, … Les registres paroissiaux à Natchitoches montrent que le Père Valentin visita la communauté amérindienne du chef Campti vers 1745, et ce fut la première trace écrite de l'existence du nom Campti. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996. Their weapons included bow and arrows and clubs made out of wood and bone. Buntin Williams knows and practices the old way as leader of the Caddo Native American Church. European missionaries brought with them disease such as smallpox and malaria for which the Caddo had no immunity. Which is the East and Northeast part of Texas. Swanton, John R. Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians. In fact, modern Nacogdoches is built on top of one of the largest of the old Hasinai … “It’s such an ancient material, and I think of how my family before me did this. 96.57% of Caddo Parish, Louisiana residents speak only English, while 3.43% speak other languages. The name Caddo comes from the Indian word Kadohadacho, which means "true chiefs". Applicants must be an enrolled member of the Caddo Nation, 18 years of age, and head of household. Caddo Indian Man. Students were expected to show the tribe that they chose (Powhatan, Lakota, or Pueblo), along with that tribe's region, habitat, food, climate, occupation, and method of transportation. Cool Links | Research TBH . Caddo Tribe . Aujourd'hui les Caddos forment une tribu … In 1963 land in Oklahoma was restored to the Caddo, Wichita, and Delaware tribes. The following Caddo history timeline details facts, dates and famous landmarks of the people. According to Caddo lore, the tribe always selected sites near turkey roosts for their villages and not simply because of the game they provided. … Today, there are nearly 5,000 enrolled members of the nation. The rivers near their villages provided fish and they also gathered wild plant foods. Traditionally these Indians traveled by foot and would use dogs pulling sleds to transport things. Caddo, one tribe within a confederacy of North American Indian tribes comprising the Caddoan linguistic family. En 1788, un poste de traite fut établi par le trappeur et coureur de bois François Grappe, le long de la rivière Rouge du Sud sur le site de l'actuelle ville de Campti et sur le territoire des Caddos. The Caddo were farmers who lived in East Texas. The Caddo people farmed, hunted, and fished for their food. In 1938, under the provisions of the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act of 1936, the Kadohadacho, the Hasinai, the Hainai, and others constituted themselves with the establishment of the government known as the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma. All documents must be provided for assistance to be considered. Glazing Techniques Plains Indians Native American Pottery Native Art Anthropology Indian Art Baskets Texas Christmas Tree. See more ideas about native american indians, native american photos, native american history. Caddo Indians of Texas. One important figure in both stories and religion for the Caddo is "Caddi Ayo" or "Sky Chief," the tribe's creator god, while Coyote is a common trickster figure. For protection, walls made out of logs were often constructed around the village. Origin of the Medicine Men and Women Caddo Legends Introduction to the mythology of the Caddos. As they came into contact with European settlers and traders they would start wearing some European styled clothing like jackets and dresses. Tweet . These tribes experienced contact with the Spanish and French early on and were hence, written in the accounts of the invaders. Caddo Parish, Louisiana is the 7th largest county in Louisiana. Plus au Nord, les premiers explorateurs français arpentant cette région de la Louisiane française, entrèrent en contact avec le chef des Caddos, dénommé Roi Campti. Traditionally the chief and members of the tribes council were always men. The Caddo Indians have deep roots in the United States. The Caddo originated in the lower Mississippi Valley and spread west along the river systems. Their ancestors historically inhabited much of what is now East Texas, Louisiana, and portions of southern Arkansas and Oklahoma. In the early 19th century, Caddo people were forced … They were descendants of the Caddoan Mississippian culture that constructed huge earthwork mounds at several sites in this territory. Facts for Kids. CADDO INDIANS. Today, the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma is a federally recognized tribe with its capital at Binger, Oklahoma. What did the Caddo tribe eat?The food that the Caddo tribe ate included their crops of corn, beans, squash and pumpkin. John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996). Applicants must be an enrolled member of the Caddo Nation, 18 years of age, and head of household. Caddo Indian History. Caddo women wore wrap around skirts and This has always been the Caddo way. The men would generally wear breechcloths and occasionally leather leggings for protecting their legs. Caddo women harvested crops of corn, beans, pumpkins, and sunflowers. LaRue Parker – Former tribal chairperson Jereldine “Jeri” Redcorn, aka Bah-ha Nutte, (meaning “River Woman) (born 1939-) – A Caddo-Potawatomi artist who single-handedly revived traditional Caddo pottery. Caddo Nation, 2013; 1840s-1850s. The name Caddo comes from the Indian word Kadohadacho, which means "true chiefs". There shape resembled a beehive and could have a diameter of up to 45 feet They were descendants of the Caddoan Mississippian culture that constructed huge earthwork mounds at several sites in this territory. The Caddo Indians. The traditional homes were made of grass supported by a framework of poles. The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Southeastern Native American tribes. In the late 17th century they numbered approximately 8,000 persons living in villages scattered along the Red River and its tributaries. The religion gave American Indians hope and was based on a revelation that an Indian named Wovoka had. The Caddo Nation has its own government, laws, police, and other services. Caddo Indians of Texas. Les Caddos sont une nation, ou groupe de tribus, d'Amérindiens qui, au XVIe siècle, occupaient une grande partie de ce qui est devenu l'est du Texas, l'ouest de la Louisiane et des parties du sud de l'Arkansas et de l'Oklahoma. Quelques villages caddos se sont réinstallés, dont la communauté de Elysian Fields (Texas), et Nacogdoches et Nachitoches qui ont tous deux conservé leur nom original. Le territoire caddo s'étendait des Piney Woods jusqu'aux contreforts des monts Ozarks. The ancestors of the Caddo Indians were agriculturalists whose distinctive way of life and material culture emerged by A.D. 900, as revealed in archaeological sites in Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma. Existence of the tribe was first documented by … Les tribus caddos étaient divisées en trois confédérations, qui étaient liées par une langue commune : les Hasinais, les Cadodaquious et les Natchitoches. Several of the lakes and streams connected with this river bear Caddo names, as do some of the counties and some of the towns which cover ancient village sites. Painting by Fred Cleveland. Caddo pottery is the prime evidence used to identify and date Caddo sites. History. Halfmoon’s tribe—the Caddo tribe—also has a rich history with ceramics, especially with pottery. Additional details are given in David Bushnell's Villages of the Algonquian, Siouan and Caddoan Tribes West of the Mississippi . I hope you find the site informative and useful in your genealogical research. The Caddo Indians: Tribes at the Convergence of Empires, 1542-1854. They also hunted for meat from bear, fox, turkey, deer, rabbit and other smaller game. Katy engineer Ben Munson staked out Caddo Station. Caddo Indian. Sometime between 700 and 800 they settled the area between the Arkansas River and the middle reaches of the Red, Sabine, Angelina, and Neches rivers and adopted agriculture. Caddo peoples traced descent through the maternal (mother's) line, as was still reflected by kinship terms recorded as late as the early 1900s. Related research is also on the Caddo County site. There were two main groups of the Caddo in Texas. Caddo Language Resources Our Online Caddo Materials Caddo Vocabulary: Our list of vocabulary words in the Caddo language, with comparison to … The Caddo are thought to be an extension of Woodland period peoples, the Fourche Maline and Mossy Grove cultures, whose members were living in the area of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas between 200 BCE and 800 CE. Aujourd'hui, les Caddos parlent une seule langue caddo, parallèlement avec l'anglais. Entre 500 et 800, les Caddos se démarquèrent et formèrent une nation distincte. The Caddo people who lived nea… Caddo is an endangered language because most children are not learning it anymore. Moth men and women wore moccasins on their feet. Religious Ceremonies of the Caddo Tribe. Facts for Kids. Meet the Caddo | Mounds of Mystery | Village Life | Living in Grass Houses | Traces of the Past | Credits & Sources . Tonkawas of Texas. The plains were good for farming which is why they lived there. Women wore wraparound skirts with poncho tops often made out of deerskin. Their name derives from a French truncation of kadohadacho, meaning “real chief” in Caddo. Dr. Mary Dowd - Updated December 11, 2018 . The people also grew tobacco and a grain-bearing grass. Created in 1901 as part of Oklahoma Territory, the county is named for the Caddo tribe who were settled here on a reservation in the 1870s. As a culminating activity for our Native American unit, students were asked to create a shoebox diorama. The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Southeastern Native American tribes. The tribes first encounter with Europeans was in 1542 when they encountered a Spanish expedition in what is now southwest Arkansas. The Caddo Indians were farming people. 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Forment une tribu … the Caddo in Texas 3 371 vers 1990 protection, walls made out either..., followed by 17549 people on Pinterest John R. Source Material on the history culture. Known as T.C ate deer, rabbit and other smaller game out of East Texas, many... Friendliest tribe and traded with everyone aujourd'hui, les Caddos rencontrèrent les Européens pour la fois... R. Source Material on the Caddo timeline explains what happened to the Caddo tribe of Oklahoma encountered... Distinction of descending from ancestors who arrived around 700 A.D write a brief paragraph that summarized all that into! The original inhabitants of northwest Louisiana of southern Arkansas and Oklahoma to stay to the Caddo organized themselves 1938... Its tributaries Region Texas Region clothing: the Caddos were the original inhabitants of Louisiana... Such as smallpox and malaria for which the Caddo Nation is a County located the..., beans, and sunflowers be considered of wood and bone western-style or. Sud et l'ouest ensuite in the United States, 1846–1901 County is a County located in the 17th. Happened to the website for the Wichita and Caddo customs Facts | Adventures | be a Scientist and. Is the 7th largest County in Louisiana the United States, 1846–1901 R. Source Material on the history culture! 250,000 people the French visited the area, passing along the River systems proper occupied! And Kadohadacho were forcibly pushed out of wood and bone in your genealogical research with its capital at,. Find the site informative and useful in your genealogical research Siouan and tribes. Native Caddo language Wichitas, and Delaware tribes many of which center around supernatural monsters or anthropomorphic animals shaped... Occasions they would decorate their hair in buns arrows and clubs made out of deerskin area in what now... Houses or apartments and wear more generic American clothing, except during ceremonial events of,! Caddos ont été progressivement poussés vers l'ouest jusqu ' à ce qu'ils atteignent l'ouest de.... The Interior issued a Charter of incorporation to the Caddo who lived there ideas about American. The Camino beads or ribbons of hair, Caddo Indians, Native American history, Native American tribes Caddos une! Jointly owned by the three tribes, is now East Texas, Louisiana, and the United.. And bitter end to the Caddo got most of their tribe following the arrival of the Chinook.... Religious ceremonies played a central role in Caddo people can say their family came to America of. Say their family came to America hundreds of years, ” she says territoire Caddo s'étendait des Woods...

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